Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-PP-00001077
Title: Evaluation of Self-Medication Antibiotics Use Pattern Among Patients Attending Community Pharmacies in Rural India, Uttar Pradesh
Category: Pharmacy practice
Section: Research Article
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    Many studies have investigated the prevalence and nature of self medication. It is a common type of self care behavior among the population of various Countries. The Government of India was proposed to develop a policy to control the misuse of antibiotics. The policy calls for making of a new schedule under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 called as Schedule HX.The reason to take up the present study was to carry out head to head comparison of demographic variables with self antibiotic medication. It is a cross section study with a pretested questionnaire and conducted at Sahaswan, Utter Pradesh, India, with 600 study subjects during the period between November and December 2011. It was observed that the antibiotics were extensive supplied medicines without prescription including those used for serious illness conditions. The percentage of patients who were seeking self antibiotic medication was approximately 54%. Most patients were seeking self antibiotic medication for respiratory tract infection (16.83%); wound infection, cough and cold (14.5%); fever and GIT infection (13.66%); eye/ear infection (7%) were commonly noted aligminets. The antibiotics highly dispensed or purchased on a self medication were cephalosporins groups (24.15%) and minimum was tetracyclines groups (12.83%). Patient health awareness programs and pharmacist continuing education are necessary.These findings highlight the need for planning interventions to promote the judicious use of antibiotics, create awareness regarding the problems of antimicrobial resistance.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Akram Ahmad1*, S. Parimalakrishnan1 , Isha Patel2, N.V. R. Praveen Kumar. T3, Rajesh Balkrishnan4, G.P. Mohanta1

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608002,Tamil Nadu, India.
    2Department of Clinical, Social and Administrative Sciences, University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-1065,USA.
    3Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bharath College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, A.P., India.
    4Associate Director for Research and Education, University of Michigan Center for Global Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-1065, USA.

    *Corresponding author.
    Akram Ahmad
    II PharmD (Post Baccalaureate)
    Department of Pharmacy Practice
    Annamalai University
    Annamalai Nagar – 608002.
    Tamil Nadu, India.


    Received on:15-12-2011; Revised on: 12-01-2012; Accepted on:23-01-2012

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    Author:

    Akram Ahmad1*, S. Parimalakrishnan1 , Isha Patel2, N.V. R. Praveen Kumar. T3, Rajesh Balkrishnan4, G.P. Mohanta1

    Title:Evaluation of Self-Medication Antibiotics Use Pattern Among Patients Attending Community Pharmacies in Rural India, Uttar Pradesh
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):5 (February)
    Year:2012
    Page No: (765-768)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Self Medication, OTC, Community Pharmacies, Schedule HX.
    Research Materials:Antibiotics

Keywords

Antibiotics Self Medication OTC Community Pharmacies Schedule HX.

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