Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-P'Col-0000120
Title: Prevalence and impact of cardiovascular risk factors among patients with acute coronary syndrome: a review
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Review Article
  • Abstract
  • Audio Abstract
  • Authors
  • Pdf File
  • Citation
  • My Reference
  • Methodology
  • Abstract

    A dramatic increase in the number of deaths related to coronary artery disease has been observed world-wide, from 7.3 million deaths in 2008 to 11.1 million deaths in 2020 (estimated). The trend is believed to be due, in part, to the steeply increasing incidence of CAD in developing countries undergoing rapid westernization. This article provides a selective review of the effects of cardiovascular risk factors on the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). ACS is a complex, multifactorial disorder in which interactions among various genetic and environmental influences play an important role. Coronary atherosclerosis results from excessive inflammatory and fibro proliferative responses to various forms of insults to the endothelium and smooth muscle of the artery wall, responses in which a large number of growth factors, cytokines, and vasoregulatory molecules participate. In this review, the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and their impact on patients presenting with ACS are discussed. Some of the known risk for ACS includes smoking, high blood cholesterol, physical inactivity, diabetes, high blood pressure, being overweight or obese, depression and social isolation. These were the risk factors that can be reduced by specific preventative methods, such as pharmacotherapy and lifestyle changes. Age, gender and a family history of coronary heart disease are some risk factors which cannot be reduced. The more the cardiovascular risk factor a patient has the higher the risk of ACS. Lack of knowledge and changes in the life style, food habits, psychological factors contribute to the progression of ACS. By providing patient education the quality of life can be improved and thereby preventing the ACS morbidity and mortality.

  • Abstract Audio

    Click Here

  • About the authors and Affiliations

    Author(s) Name:

    Molniya Baby1*, Dilip C1, Danisha P1, Sajitha M K1, Linu Mohan P1, Shinu.C1, Jafer C.P 2, Mohamed yahiya3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Alshifa college of pharmacy Poonthanam p.o, Perinthalmanna-679325, Kerala,India.
    2Department of General Medicine, Alshifa hospital, Perinthalmanna, Kerala,India.
    3Professor,MES Medical College, Angadipuram, Perinthalmanna, Kerala,India.


    *Corresponding author.
    Dilip.C
    Associate professor
    Alshifa College of Pharmacy
    Poonthanam P.O
    Perinthalmanna,Kerala-679325,India.
    Email-dillu7@rediffmail.com


    Received on:15-12-2013; Revised on: 28-12-2013; Accepted on:20-01-2014

  • View Article File in pdf format.

    Article File
  • View Article Citation Here.

    0 View More
  • How to Cite my Article.

    Author:

    Molniya Baby1*, Dilip C1, Danisha P1, Sajitha M K1, Linu Mohan P1, Shinu.C1, Jafer C.P 2, Mohamed yahiya3

    Title:Prevalence and impact of cardiovascular risk factors among patients with acute coronary syndrome: a review
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):8 (February)
    Year:2014
    Page No: (179-182)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:-
    Research Materials:cardiovascular risk factors

Keywords

Acute coronary syndrome Myocardial infarction Risk factors.

Our Services

Most Downloaded List