Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-PHDRS-00001619
Title: Challenges and Implications of Dental Caries: A Review
Category: Pharmacognosy and Herbal Drugs related study
Section: Review Article
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    Dental Caries is an infectious disease caused by cariogenic microorganisms affecting humans. It is the decay of teeth caused by the action of acid-forming bacteria. A review of public health implication was done to re-emphasize the implications of Dental Caries and the need to build a strong strategy of control and management. The principal causative agents are a group of Streptococci species collectively referred to as the mutans Streptococci of which streptococci mutans are most important agents of human caries. Streptococcus mutans increased 6-24 months before the clinical appearance of dental caries. An essential step in caries production appears to be the formation of plaque on the hard, smooth enamel surface and this plaque consist mainly of gelatinous deposits of high- molecular weight glucans in which acid-producing bacteria adhere to the enamel. Dental Caries occurs depending on the genetic, humoral, nutritional, and many other factors. There ia a link between caries and weight. Abnormal dietary intake has been linked to the development of obesity and this is common among young people. Obesity is caused by frequent intake of all fermentable carbohydrate foods and drinks whether cooked starches or sugar. Young people are more susceptible to this infectious disease than older ones because children consume more of sucrose than the older people. Worldwide, most children and an estimated 90% of adults have experienced carries with the disease most prevalent in Asia and Latin American countries and least prevalent in African countries. Dental Caries can be controlled by restricting sucrose and other dietary carbohydrates and regular brushing of the teeth, thereby reducing Streptococcus mutans and regular check-up with a dental clinic will help for early diagnosis and treatment.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Azuonwu,O, Obire, O. Chukwu, O.O.C,  Otimi, E.R  

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, 2Department of Applied and Environmental Biology,Rivers State University of Science and Technology, P.M.B.5080, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
    3Federal College of Veterinary and Medical Laboratory Technology, N.V.R.I, Vom, Nigeria.

    *Corresponding author.
    Azuonwu, Obioma.
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science,
    Rivers State University of Science and Technology,
    Nkpolu, P.M.B 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

    Received on: 15-09-2010; Revised  on: 18-10-2010; Accepted on:13-12-2010

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    Azuonwu,O, Obire, O. Chukwu, O.O.C,  Otimi, E.R  

    Title:Challenges and Implications of Dental Caries: A Review
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):4 (January)
    Page No: (47-49)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Dental Caries
    Research Materials:Plaque


Plaque Enamel Dental Caries Streptococcus mutans.

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