Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-Pe-00001907
Title: Relevance of gonial angle as a determinant for freeway space in edentulous patients in South Indian population
Category: Periodontics
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    Background: The amount of freeway space (FWS) in any individual is mainly an expression of muscle function, its equilibrium and gravity. Studies done on the relationship with the form of the lower face found a negative correlation of FWS with the anterior lower facial height and positive with the posterior lower facial height. Hence, correlation of the FWS and corresponding soft tissue gonial angle formed on the lateral profile of dentulous individuals in lateral cephalograms was carried out. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the correlation of FWS and corresponding gonial angle on the lateral profile of dentulous individuals in lateral cephalograms. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 individuals were involved in this study based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The FWS was determined using swallowing and phonetics to determine the rest position of the mandible. The mean value was calculated and considered as the FWS for that individual. Gonial angle was determined using a lateral cephalogram taken from a centralized cephalostat at Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals. The lateral cephalograms were calibrated and traced using FACAD (FACAD is a software program used for orthodontic tracing, cephalometric analysis, and visual diagnostic imaging, as well as for treatment planning with soft tissue profile prediction) software. Results: Gonial angle ranged from 103° to 140° with an average of 128.90°. FWS had an average of 4.7 mm. Statistical analysis was done using Pearson correlation showed that there is a strong positive correlation. Conclusion: This study indicated that there is a strong correlation between gonial angle and FWS. To extend the benefits to patients and dental practitioners, further studies should be undertaken to assess existing complete denture patients radiographically.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Shermila Ann Sherry, Ashish R. Jain*, Padma Ariga

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India


    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain,Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai-600127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Shermila Ann Sherry, Ashish R. Jain*, Padma Ariga

    Title:Relevance of gonial angle as a determinant for freeway space in edentulous patients in South Indian population
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):11 (December )
    Year:2017
    Page No: (1506-1509)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Software
    Research Materials:Gonial angle

Keywords

Edentulous FACAD Freeway space Gonial angle Software

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