Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-P'Col-00001946
Title: Internal forms of suicidal behavior among medical students
Category: Pharmacology
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    Introduction: The problem of suicidal behavior among young people does not lose its relevance. According to the Russian school of suicidology, it is divided into external (suicidal attempts) and internal (suicidal thoughts, ideas, and intentions) forms. Aims: This study aimed to identify the prevalence, clinical-psychopathological characteristics, and risk factors for the formation of internal forms of suicidal behavior in medical students to develop recommendations for primary psychoprophylaxis of suicides. Materials and Methods: A solid sample of 143 Russian-speaking medical students aged 17–29 years were examined using the medico-sociological and psychometric methods. The comparative analysis was carried out in two groups: The first group consisted of 52 students who had internal forms of suicidal behavior and the second - 91 students who had not. Results: It was found that 36.4% of students had suicidal thoughts and intentions, and at the time of the survey, 23.1% of respondents said that they did not want to live. The level of anxiety (P = 0.0319) and depression (P = 0.0186) was higher among students with internal forms of suicidal behavior than that of students without them. Students with suicidal thoughts and intentions had a moderate level of stress (34.6% of cases) more often (P = 0.0237) than students without suicidal behavior (16.5%). There was a high risk of forming addictive behavior in 19.2% of cases in the first group and 6.6% of cases in the second group (P = 0.0424). Factor analysis revealed four significant factors causing the formation of internal forms of suicidal behavior (55.1% of variance): Aggressiveness, lack of social support, choice of avoidance, or competing strategies in a conflict situation. Conclusions: The most significant factors causing the formation of suicidal behavior are aggressiveness, choice of avoidance, or competing strategies in a conflict situation. Lack of social support is of particular importance. A high level of stress (a manifestation of which is an increased level of anxiety and depression and psychosomatic diseases, using of alcohol) contributes to the emergence of suicidal thoughts. The prevention programs developed based on research and implemented in practice will allow students to learn how to cope with stress, find constructive ways to resolve conflicts, which will increase adaptive abilities, help overcome aggressive tendencies, and preserve health status.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Victoria V. Ruzhenkova*, Victor A. Ruzhenkov, Sergey P. Pahomov, Evgeniy V. Zhernakov, Inna S. Lukyantseva

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Psychiatry, Narcology, and Clinical Psychology, Medical Institute, Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, 308015, Russia

    *Corresponding author: Victoria V. Ruzhenkova, Department of Psychiatry, Narcology, and Clinical Psychology, Medical Institute, Belgorod State National Research University, 85, Pobedy St., Belgorod, 308015, Russia.

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    Author:

    Victoria V. Ruzhenkova*, Victor A. Ruzhenkov, Sergey P. Pahomov, Evgeniy V. Zhernakov, Inna S. Lukyantseva

    Title:Internal forms of suicidal behavior among medical students
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):11(12)
    Year:2017
    Page No: (1579-1583)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Suicidal behavior, Suicidal intentions, Suicidal thoughts, Suicide risk,medico-sociological and psychometric methods
    Research Materials:143 Russian-speaking medical students aged 17–29 years

Keywords

Suicidal behavior Suicidal intentions Suicidal thoughts Suicide risk

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