Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-CDRS-00002033
Title: Evaluation of variation in the systemic blood pressure among Indian population after placement of retraction cord with and without local anesthesia containing epinephrine
Category: Clinical Drugs Related Study
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Retraction cords are used after preparation of a tooth to push the gingiva away from the tooth to create enough space for recording an accurate impression. Retraction cords are placed with hemostatic agents to constrict the blood flow. Hemostatic agents used for retraction cords are said to have an effect on the systemic circulation, and hence, their use in cardiac patients is restricted. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 participants were divided into two groups of 20 and their normal blood pressure (BP) was checked. The BP of the Group I subjects was checked immediately after placing the retraction cord (without LA) and rechecked after a duration of 5 minutes and noted. The BP of the Group II subjects was also checked and recorded similar to that of Group I subjects, with retraction cord soaked in local anaesthesia containing epinephrine. Results: The mean systolic BP of the two groups was 116.8 ± 12.7 mmHg and diastolic was 74.45 ± 10.6 mmHg. The mean systolic BP of Group I subjects immediately after placing the retraction cord was 115.45 ± 14.21 mmHg and diastolic was 97.1 ± 12.46 mmHg. The mean systolic BP of Group I subjects after the removal of the retraction cord was found to be 114.85 ± 14 mmHg and diastolic was 72 ± 12.65 mmHg. The mean systolic BP of the Group II subjects immediately after placing retraction cord was 119.35 ± 9.6 mmHg and diastolic was 77.5 ± 8 mmHg. The mean systolic BP of Group II subjects after the removal of retraction cord was 116.3 ± 10.25 mmHg and diastolic was 77.15 ± 8 mmHg. Conclusion: There is an increase in the systolic and diastolic BP of the Group II subjects immediately after placing the retraction cord and systolic BP reaching to the normal level after the removal of the cord after a time duration of 5 min and no decrease in the diastolic BP on removal of retraction cord and no significant change in the BP of the Group I participants. The change in the BP on using epinephrine- soaked retraction cord could be of significance for their use in cardiovascular disease or hypertensive patients.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Sarah Banu, Ashish R Jain*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Sarah Banu, Ashish R Jain*

    Title:Evaluation of variation in the systemic blood pressure among Indian population after placement of retraction cord with and without local anesthesia containing epinephrine
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (Jan)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (42-47)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Diastolic blood pressure, Hemostatics, Hypertension, Retraction cord, Systolic blood pressure
    Research Materials:40 patients

Keywords

Diastolic blood pressure Hemostatics Hypertension Retraction cord Systolic blood pressure

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