Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002251
Title: Symmetry of gingival zenith: Defining esthetic outcome
Category: Pharmacology
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    Background: The appearance of gingival tissues plays a critical role in the esthetics of maxillary anterior region. Location of gingival zenith in a medial-lateral position too long axis of teeth varies for each individual tooth. The position of lateral incisor teeth relative to gingival zeniths of adjacent proximal teeth that is the central incisor and canine also affects symmetry. Aim: The aim of the study was to quantify these clinical parameters useful as esthetic guidelines and to compare left and right sides of six maxillary anterior teeth. Materials and Methods: A sample population of 20 patients (6 males and 14 females) with a total of 240 teeth with healthy gingival tissue was selected by randomized sampling method. Two clinical parameters were evaluated on the right and left sides of maxillary anterior teeth-gingival zenith position (GZP) from the vertical bisected midline (VBM) of the tooth and gingival zenith level (GZL) of lateral incisors in an apical-coronal direction relative to line joining the tangents of the GZP of the adjacent central incisor and canine. The data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: All incisors displayed a distal GZP from VBM, with a mean of 1.8 mm and 0.93 mm, on the right and left sides of central and 0.48 mm and 0.54 mm on the right and left sides of laterals, respectively. GZP of canine was centralized along the long axis of canine in, 60% of the population on the right side, and in 70% of the population on the left side. The GZL was approximately 1 mm and 0.93 mm, on the right and left side, respectively. Conclusion: There was a statistically significant difference in the GZP and GZL in the right and left sides (P < 0.05). The results could be used as reference points during esthetic anterior oral rehabilitation.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Vaishnavi Rajaraman, Abby Abraham, M. Dhanraj, Ashish R. Jain*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Vaishnavi Rajaraman, Abby Abraham, M. Dhanraj, Ashish R. Jain*

    Title:Symmetry of gingival zenith: Defining esthetic outcome
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (May)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (800-804)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Esthetics, Gingival zenith, Gingival zenith line, Gingival zenith position
    Research Materials:20 patients (6 males and 14 females)

Keywords

Esthetics Gingival zenith Gingival zenith line Gingival zenith position

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