Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002289
Title: Factors predicting nutritional behaviors related to gastric cancer: A model-guided study
Category: Pharmacology
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    Background and Objectives: Gastric cancer is one of the common causes of death from cancers worldwide. It is the second most common cancer in Iran, and it has the highest prevalence in Gilan province. The objective of this study was to determine the predictive power of the health belief model (HBM) constructs in nutritional behaviors related to gastric cancer. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 250 rural women of Talesh county in Gilan province of north of Iran in 2017. They were selected using a multistage cluster random sampling method. Data collection instrument was a questionnaire including HBM constructs and nutritional behaviors related to gastric cancer. The results were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficients and multivariate linear regression method. Results: The mean age of women was 34.51 ± 9.16 years. About 39.2% of women and 34.4% of their husbands had high school degree. The results of regression analysis showed that HBM could predicted 28% of the variations of the nutritional behaviors with the constructs of perceived barriers (β = −0.40, 95% confidence interval [CI] = −0.53, −0.27, self-efficacy (β = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.09, 0.035), and severity (β = 0.25, 95% CI = 0.11, 0.38). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between self-efficacy and barriers (P < 0.01). Conclusion: According to the predictive power of the HBM, the educational interventions based on this model with emphasis on the construct of perceived barriers after that self-efficacy is suggested for this group.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Anvar Shilan1 , Parisa Kasmaei 2 *, Rabiolah Farmanbar2 , Maryam Shakiba3 , Marjan Mahdaviroushan4 , Iraj Zareban5 , Fatemeh Mohammadkhah6 , Mostafa Soodmand7

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran,

    2Health and Environment Research Center, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran,

    3Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center of Health and Environment, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran,

    4Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran,

    5Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran,

    6Department and Faculty of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,

    7Medical-surgical Nursing, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

    *Corresponding author: Parisa Kasmaei, Assistant professor, Health and Environment Research Center, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

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    Author:

    Anvar Shilan1 , Parisa Kasmaei 2 *, Rabiolah Farmanbar2 , Maryam Shakiba3 , Marjan Mahdaviroushan4 , Iraj Zareban5 , Fatemeh Mohammadkhah6 , Mostafa Soodmand7

    Title:Factors predicting nutritional behaviors related to gastric cancer: A model-guided study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10(6)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (936-941)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:cross-sectional study,nutritional behaviors ,Gastric cancer,
    Research Materials:Rural women

Keywords

Gastric cancer Health belief model Nutritional behaviors Rural women

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