Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002371
Title: Oral health practices, status, and caries experience among the visually impaired children in Chennai
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Oral health has strong biological, psychological, and social consequences because it affects aesthetics and communication, and the quality of life is influenced by oral health status. Good oral health is important for proper mastication, digestion, appearance, speech, and health. Oral health is linked to happiness and good general health, and there is evidence that aesthetically unacceptable and functionally inadequate dentitions affect self-esteem, confidence, and socialization. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the oral health practices, status, and caries experience among the visually impaired children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in blind schools of Chennai city. A total of 143 individuals aged between 13 and 18 years were included in the study. Permissions were taken from the respective schools. Data were collected by structured interview of each individual with a questionnaire. Questionnaire related to their frequency of brushing, brushing technique, type of oral hygiene aids, and frequency of changing toothbrush, tongue cleaning, mouth rinsing, and visit to the dentist. Clinical examination was done to record decay missing filling-tooth (DMFT) and simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) indices, and the values were tabulated. Results: The oral hygiene practices vary from moderate- to-low grade. The mean DMFT and OHI-S scores were 1.58 ± 0.829 and 1.21 ± 0.773, respectively. Frequency of visiting dentist, in which 9.3% of the children visited the dentist yearly once, 30.1% visited in case of any problem, and rest 60.5% never visited a dentist. Conclusion: This study observed oral health practices are moderate in visually challenged children. Therefore, improved planning is needed and health programs should be organized to provide oral health education and services for such special group.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Arunasree Vadaguru Mallikarjuna1, P. Ragul1, M. Dhanraj2, Ashish R. Jain2*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai - 600 127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Arunasree Vadaguru Mallikarjuna1, P. Ragul1, M. Dhanraj2, Ashish R. Jain2*

    Title:Oral health practices, status, and caries experience among the visually impaired children in Chennai
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (July)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (1276-1280)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A cross-sectional study
    Research Materials:Oral hygiene

Keywords

Oral hygiene Toothbrushing caries Visually impaired

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