Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-BSN-00002386
Title: Estimation of fluoride content in the drinking water in Chennai - A pilot study
Category: Biomaterials ( Synthetic and Natural )
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Eradication of caries is one of the most challenging tasks in this era where consumption of cariogenic diet is a part of every individual’s lifestyle. Fluoride is element found in drinking water that has the potential to make the tooth resistant to the same. However, an optimal level of this ion is necessary to work its magic. Fluoridation of water is a basic procedure that ensures the presence of precise amount of fluoride content in the drinking water so as to provide systemic and local benefits. Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the fluoride content in the drinking water in Chennai city. Methods and Materials: To carry out this pilot study, samples of drinking water were collected from the sources near the water bodies from other random places in Chennai. A total of 25 samples were collected five from Retteri, five from Chembarambakkam, five from Adyar, and 10 from random places in Chennai. It was ensured that the source of water was primarily groundwater, and the water was not subjected through any filtration process. Each sample was 100 ml in volume. They were collected in polyether jar and were subjected to analysis. Result: The results of the study highlighted that the fluoride content in groundwater samples obtained from Rettari was 0.46 ± 0.11 mg/L, Chembarambakkam was 0.49 ± 0.10 mg/L, Adyar was 0.56 ± 0.13 mg/L, Anna Nagar was 0.53 ± 0.10 mg/L, Vadapalani was 0.54 ± 0.15 mg/L, Royapurum was 0.64 ± 0.20 mg/L, and Madavaram was 0.4 ± 0.11 mg/L, respectively. A mean value of 0.51 ± 0.14 mg/L was obtained, thus indicating that the fluoride content in water in Chennai is less than optimal level, 1.5 mg/L as prescribed by the World Health Organization. There was no statistically significant difference present between the various regions in Chennai with respect to the fluoride content in groundwater (F = 0.9322, P > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that in Chennai, groundwater has less than optimal amount of fluoride, and hence, the incidence of caries may seem to be increased. Further, the results of this study can be used as basis to initiate future studies that could correlate the amount of fluoride in the drinking water and the dental caries index or could also render a helping hand in devising a standard of water fluoridation that would potentially lower the caries risk in a given area without any major shortcomings.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Anirudha Kabilan1 , Indulekha S1 , Dhanraj Ganapathy2 , Ashish R. Jain2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain,Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai - 600 127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Anirudha Kabilan1 , Indulekha S1 , Dhanraj Ganapathy2 , Ashish R. Jain2 *

    Title:Estimation of fluoride content in the drinking water in Chennai - A pilot study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (August)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (1363-1366)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:pilot study,25 samples,
    Research Materials:Fluoride

Keywords

Chennai Dental caries Drinking water Fluoride Optimal

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