Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002397
Title: Analysis of salivary flow and pH with respect to rehydration and food consumption
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of rehydration and food consumption on salivary flow and pH of saliva. Background: Saliva is essential for the maintenance of oral health and it is an important diagnostic biofluid. It plays a pivotal role in protection and lubrication of oral mucosal tissues, remineralization of teeth, and alimentation. The salivary composition has many important physical and biochemical properties. It is useful for diagnosis, prognosis, and management of patients with oral and systemic diseases. Understanding the role of saliva in maintaining health, as well as its relation to oral disease, is vital to the competent dental practitioner. In this research, the various changes in the salivary pH and salivary flow were studied under different conditions. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 healthy volunteers were selected. Their salivary pH and salivary flow were calculated under three different conditions. The conditions were normal, after food consumption, after rehydration. The salivary flow was calculated in the scale of ml/min. Results: The salivary pH was almost same (7.75 and 7.85) in the normal condition and after food consumption. After rehydration, the salivary pH became neutral (7.3). In the case of salivary flow, the salivary flow rate was almost same (1.91 ml/min and 1.785 ml/min) in the normal condition and after the consumption of food. After the condition of rehydration, the salivary flow was increased (2.43 ml/min) with much difference than the salivary flow in the normal condition. Conclusion: The rehydration plays a key role in increase in salivary flow and maintaining the salivary pH in neutral. Thus, the regular rehydration is necessary for oral health and in maintenance of salivary pH and salivary flow and to avoid oral problems onto maintains oral hygiene.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Vigneshwaran Ravichandran, R. Gayathri*, V. Vishnu Priya

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: R. Gayathri, Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, Saveetha University, 160, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Vigneshwaran Ravichandran, R. Gayathri*, V. Vishnu Priya

    Title:Analysis of salivary flow and pH with respect to rehydration and food consumption
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (August)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (1418-1420)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Food consumption, Normal condition, Rehydration, Salivary flow, Salivary pH
    Research Materials:Food

Keywords

Food consumption Normal condition Rehydration Salivary flow Salivary pH

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