Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-PP-00002440
Title: Review on prevalence and community-based health-care interventions for the prevention and management of obesity among diabetic patients
Category: Pharmacy practice
Section: Review Article
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  • Abstract

    Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight. Etiology for obesity includes genes, hormones, and social and environmental factors. The higher BMI levels show future risk of developing diabetes, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal diseases, and coupled with more health- care expenditure. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder and prevalence has been rising all over the world, which can contribute the macrovascular and microvascular complications. The excessive release of inflammatory adipokines may contribute to immune dysfunction which may accelerate the obesity. Obesity can cause deregulation of cellular metabolism and may develop the insulin resistance in diabetic patients. Initiating community-based health-care interventions include medication adherence and weight loss and maintaining the controlled levels of diabetes, blood pressure and cholesterol levels and promoting regular medication adherence can reduce the obesity complications in diabetic patients. The prevention and management of obesity through early identification of risk category, regular health screening awareness programme and promoting lifestyle modifications can promote the best outcomes.

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    Author(s) Name:

    A. Porselvi 1 , M. S. Umashankar1 *, K. S. Lakshmi 1 , J. S. Kumar2 , A. Bharath Kumar1

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, SRM College of Pharmacy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of General Medicine, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

    *Corresponding author: M. S. Umashankar*, SRM College of Pharmacy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

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    Author:

    A. Porselvi 1 , M. S. Umashankar1 *, K. S. Lakshmi 1 , J. S. Kumar2 , A. Bharath Kumar1

    Title:Review on prevalence and community-based health-care interventions for the prevention and management of obesity among diabetic patients
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):12 (June)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (849-856)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Medication adherence, Obesity
    Research Materials:Diabetic patients

Keywords

Body mass index Cholesterol Diabetes Medication adherence Obesity

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