Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002522
Title: Craniometric analysis of foramen magnum with reference to occipital condyles for the determination of sex using dry human skulls
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: The foramen magnum is a large opening in the base of the skull at the posterior cranial fossa. The dimensions of the foramen magnum are clinically important because the vital structures passing through it may endure compression such as in the cases of foramen magnum herniation and meningiomas. The longitudinal and transverse diameter (TD) and also the area of foramen magnum are higher in males than in females. Therefore, its dimensions could be used to establish the gender in several medicolegal conditions. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 dry human skull bones were obtained. All measurements were taken by Vernier caliper to the nearest of 0.1 mm. Morphometrical measurements of the foramen magnum such as the distance between basion and midpoint of anterior margin of occipital condyle, distance between opisthion and mid-point of posterior margin of occipital condyle, longitudinal diameter (LD), TD, and area of the foramen magnum were calculated. Results: The mean LD of foramen magnum was 35.48 mm in male and 34.15 mm in female. The mean TD of foramen magnum in male was 29.96 mm and in female was 27.74 mm. The mean area of foramen magnum in male was 871.46 mm2 and in female was 803.42 mm2 . Conclusion: A high significant difference was observed between the two sexes. The dimension of the foramen magnum is clinically important because of the vital structures passing through it. Apart from its clinical significance, it is also useful in anthropology, forensic medicine, etc., for the determination of sex.

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    Author(s) Name:

    D. Angel Fastina Mary1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2 , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding Author: Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    D. Angel Fastina Mary1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2 , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2 *

    Title:Craniometric analysis of foramen magnum with reference to occipital condyles for the determination of sex using dry human skulls
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (Oct)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (1910-1913)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Anthropology, Dry human skull, Foramen magnum, Occipital condyle, Sex
    Research Materials:Dry human skull

Keywords

Anthropology Dry human skull Foramen magnum Occipital condyle Sex

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