Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002647
Title: Alloplastic bone grafts in periodontal surgery
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Bone grafts are used as a filler and scaffold to facilitate bone formation and promote wound healing. These grafts are biorestorable and have no antigen-antibody reaction. These bone grafts act as a mineral reservoir which induces new bone formation. Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone with material from patient’s own body, an artificial, synthetic, or natural substitute. Bone grafting is possible because bone tissue has the ability to regenerate completely if provided the space into which it has to grow. As natural bone grows, it generally replaces the graft material completely, resulting in a fully integrated region of new bone. The most serious consequence is the loss of the periodontal support structure, which includes cementum, the periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Conventional periodontal treatments, such as root planing, gingival curettage, and scaling, are highly effective at repairing disease-related defects and halting the progression of periodontitis. These are important steps; however, the conventional therapies do relatively little to prompt the regeneration of lost periodontal supporting structure. The more effective techniques that predictably promote the body’s natural ability to regenerate its lost periodontal tissues, particularly alveolar bone still need to be developed. Bone grafting is the most common form of regenerative therapy today and is usually essential for restoring all types of periodontal supporting tissue. The histological evidence in humans indicates that bone grafting is the only treatment that leads to regeneration of bone, cementum, and a functionally oriented new periodontal ligament coronal to the base of defect.

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    Author(s) Name:

    M. Dhanvanth1 , Dhanraj Ganapathy2 , Ashish R. Jain2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai - 600 127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    M. Dhanvanth1 , Dhanraj Ganapathy2 , Ashish R. Jain2 *

    Title:Alloplastic bone grafts in periodontal surgery
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2383-2389)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Periodontal disease
    Research Materials:Bone grafts

Keywords

Advantages Bone grafts Disadvantages alloplastic bone grafts Periodontal disease

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