Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002652
Title: Estimation of orbital index for gender determination
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Orbital morphometric study provides parameters for pre-operative planning and prediction of post-operative outcome. Among modern human groups, there is considerable variability in the characteristics of the orbit. The orbital index (OI), the proportion of the orbit height to its breadth multiplied by 100 is determined by the shape of the face and varies with race, regions within the same race and periods in evolution. The aim of the study is to find whether OI is a reliable parameter for gender determination. Materials and Methods: After getting the informed consent the orbital height and the orbital width was measured using a sliding Vernier caliper in 60 individuals 30 males and 30 females aged between 17 and 22 years. The data were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Results: The mean OI in males was calculated as 84.31. The mean OI in females was calculated as 61.92. In males, the OI was distributed as megaseme, mesoseme, and microseme. In females, microseme type was predominant. Using the data t value was calculated as −9.43. The difference between males and female indices was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This study shows that OI can be used as an effective parameter for gender determination.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Abigail Nirandhi Ranasinghe1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2* , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: K. Yuvaraj Babu, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Abigail Nirandhi Ranasinghe1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2* , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2

    Title:Estimation of orbital index for gender determination
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2408-2410)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Estimation of orbital index
    Research Materials:60 individuals 30 males and 30 females

Keywords

Megaseme Mesoseme Microseme Orbital height Orbital index Orbital width

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