Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002657
Title: A Systematic review on surface treatment of tantalum
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: With an increase in awareness and acceptance of implants as a modality for replacement of missing teeth, research, and development in its material aspect has reached leaps and bounds. In this article, we have touched the perspective of the surface treatment of new material in dental implantology. Tantalum being one of the latest materials of interest of application in dental implantology several studies on its various facets is still being performed. Aim: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on various surface treatments of tantalum and their effects for medical applications. Search Strategy: The databases of PubMed and Medline were searched for literature on current status of tantalum and its utility in medical science using suitable keywords. Bibliographies of studies and reviews, identified in the electronic search, were also analyzed for studies published outside the electronically searched journals. Results: The search yielded a total of 32 articles of which 23 were discarded after reading the title and abstracts. A total of nine articles were obtained based on the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Alkali-treated tantalum showed superior properties than unpolished tantalum and other metals regarding better bonding, increased surface roughness, increased thickness of surface oxide layer, and formation of surface crystals indicating osseointegration. From this review, we may conclude that porous alkali-treated tantalum may be a promising material in the field of oral implantology.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Abinaya Kannan1 , Thiyaneswaran Nesappan2 , Dhanraj Ganapathy1 , Ashish R. Jain1 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai - 600 127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Abinaya Kannan1 , Thiyaneswaran Nesappan2 , Dhanraj Ganapathy1 , Ashish R. Jain1 *

    Title:A Systematic review on surface treatment of tantalum
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2423-2433)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Surface modifications
    Research Materials:Alkali-treated tantalum,

Keywords

Alkali-treated tantalum Tantalum Surface modifications

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