Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002659
Title: Prevalence of sleep disorder among dental students - A questionnaire study
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Aim and objective: The aim and objective of this study are to investigate the prevalence of sleep disorders among dental students and to determine the effect of sleep patterns on the academic performance of students. Background: Sleep disorders can be described as the disruption of the quality and/or quantity of sleep due to certain disturbances and habits. The degree and depth of sleep disorders can hinder every aspect of a person’s life. Sleep plays a vital role in daytime functionality, as well as long-term effects on overall health. Dental specialty exerts heavy stress on students and demands long hours of study and practice, which might exaggerate the poor quality of their sleep. Dental studies and practice, especially in the clinical years, require high levels of concentration, cognitive performance, and motor dexterity. Poor sleep quality or sleep deprivation can affect performance negatively. It can also be concluded that sleep quality plays a significant role in the academic performance of dental students, especially in the clinical years. Students should accustom themselves to a healthier sleep pattern to enhance their academic performance and avoid related health and psychological hazards. Materials and Methods: A random sample of 150 dental students was taken. A short pre-tested questionnaire of 15 questions was given to them. The questionnaire was designed to assess their sleep pattern and its effects on the academic performance of the students. Data obtained were tabulated and statistically analyzed, and the results were obtained. Results: In this study, about 38.6% of dental students have a problem in falling asleep, in which 46% of students reported <8 h of actual sleep at night. 30% of student reported facing difficulty in initiating sleep, and sometimes, 59.3% of students felt sleep during daytime was reported. It can be noted that 39.3% of students felt disturbed sleep. Conclusion: Within the basis of this study and on the basis of results obtained, we concluded that dental students in general have poor sleep quality, which may be unknown to them. It can also be concluded that sleep quality plays a significant role in the academic performance of dental students.

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  • About the authors and Affiliations

    Author(s) Name:

    H. Aravinth1 , M. Dhanraj 2 , Ashish R. Jain2*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai – 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    H. Aravinth1 , M. Dhanraj 2 , Ashish R. Jain2*

    Title:Prevalence of sleep disorder among dental students - A questionnaire study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2434-2440)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Sleep quality, A questionnaire study
    Research Materials:Academic performance, Dental students

Keywords

Academic performance Dental students Sleep quality Undergraduate

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