Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002661
Title: Pre- and post-operative anxiety in patients undergoing dental extractions
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Anxiety in the dental clinic is very common as most of the patients have a fear of dental treatment. Fear and anxiety can negatively influence post-operative pain and patient recovery. Hence, anxiety and pain management in the dental office is an important task for dentists during routine dental extractions. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of anxiety and fear, preoperatively and postoperatively in patients undergoing dental extractions. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted during the academic year January–March 2018, randomly among 50 dental patients who visited the outpatient Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, for single tooth extraction. Anxiety levels of patients were measured using the visual analog scale for dental anxiety (VAS -A), before and after dental extractions. Data collected were analyzed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for Windows, Version 20.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and results obtained. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between anxiety scores preoperatively and postoperatively at P < 0.05. The results showed that the percentage of pre-operative anxiety levels was higher compared to post-operative anxiety levels. Conclusion: Anxiety levels were higher before extraction of teeth compared to post-operative anxiety in most of the patients. Pre-operative dental anxiety has a major implication on pain experienced during and after dental extractions. Most of the patients develop preoperative anxiety due to the fear of pain and the fear of injection. Hence, before dental extraction, the patient should be well informed about the extraction procedures, likely outcomes, and complications that might occur. Furthermore, reduction in pre-operative anxiety levels using pharmacologic modalities such as sedation and anxiolytics during dental extractions in apprehensive patients will help to achieve uneventful recovery in the post-operative period.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Ruubini Kasava Moorthi, M. P. Santhosh Kumar*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. M. P. Santhosh Kumar, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Velappanchavadi, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Ruubini Kasava Moorthi, M. P. Santhosh Kumar*

    Title:Pre- and post-operative anxiety in patients undergoing dental extractions
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2445-2449)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Anxiety, Dental extractions, Dental fear, Dental treatment, Pain, Sedation
    Research Materials: Anesthesia

Keywords

Anesthesia Anxiety Dental extractions Dental fear Dental treatment Pain Sedation

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