Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002665
Title: Estimation of nasal index for gender determination in south Indian population
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: The study of nasal index and its comparison forms the basis of racial and ethnic difference among the different population. Finding the gender difference using the nasal index has its own importance in the field of forensic science, clinical uses, and anthropological studies Our aim is to compare the nasal index of both males and females and hence find out if it can be used as a parameter for estimating the gender difference among the South Indian population. Materials and Methods: South Indian people of various age groups were chosen, and the nasal index of 41 males and 39 females were calculated. The width of the nose and the nasal height was measured using a Vernier caliper. The nasal index of both males and females was then calculated to check if the nasal index can be used as a parameter to estimate gender difference. A cross-sectional studies of the nasal parameters were, thus, taken to estimate and thereby compare the nasal index. Results: The mean nasal index for females was 84.71, and for males, it was 91.61. In our study, 65.85% of males are of mesorrhine type while in females both mesorrhine and platyrrhine were found to be common. P value is 0.0029 and the t-value is 2.83. The result is significant at P < 0.05. This shows that nasal index can be used a reliable parameter in estimating the gender difference. Conclusion: The nasal index of the South Indian males slightly higher than that of the females, the nasal index is statistically significant between genders, so it can be used as a parameter to estimate gender difference.

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    Author(s) Name:

    B. Sadhvi, K1 . Yuvaraj Babu2 , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: K. Yuvaraj Babu, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    B. Sadhvi, K1 . Yuvaraj Babu2 , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 3

    Title:Estimation of nasal index for gender determination in south Indian population
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2459-2461)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Nasal index,A cross-sectional studies
    Research Materials:41 males and 39 females

Keywords

Mesorrhine Nasal breadth Nasal height Nasal index Platyrrhine

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