Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002675
Title: Prevalence of caries in smokers and non-smokers - A clinical study
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Dental caries is the scientific term for tooth decay or cavities. It is caused by specific types of bacteria. They produce acid that destroys the tooth’s enamel and the layer under it, the dentin. The bacteria turn sugar and carbohydrates (starches) in the foods we eat into acids. Different types of bacteria normally live in the human mouth. They build up on the teeth in a sticky film called plaque. The aim of the study is to find out the difference in the caries status between the smokers and non-smokers in the local population. Methodology: A total of 100 male dentate patients (50 non-smokers and 50 smokers) ranging between 20 and 60 years. Caries were recorded. Results: The mean of the proximal caries in the smokers is 2.12. The mean of the proximal caries in the non-smokers is 1.4. The mean of the occlusal caries in smokers is 3.16. The mean of the occlusal caries in non-smokers is 2.52. Our study confirmed the prevalence of caries in smokers and non-smokers. The percentage of subjects with the prevalence of caries was significantly higher in chronic smokers than in smokers. Conclusion: Cigarettes smoking exerts a strong and chronic effect on tooth and causes caries. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was an association between heavy smoking and severe dental caries. The conducted analysis revealed that heavy smoking is associated with increased severe dental caries.

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    Author(s) Name:

    R. Keerthana, R. V. Geetha*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: R. V. Geetha, Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    R. Keerthana, R. V. Geetha*

    Title:Prevalence of caries in smokers and non-smokers - A clinical study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2496-2499)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Dental caries,recorded
    Research Materials:Smokers and non-smokers

Keywords

Dental caries Occlusal caries Proximal caries Smoking

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