Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002676
Title: Economic evaluation of cochlear implantation for children in Kazakhstan
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Objective: Hearing impairment in children around the world is a particularly serious obstacle to their optimal speech development and education. According to research in various countries for 1000 newborns or young children account for 0.5–5 children with congenital or previously acquired severe or profound sensor neural hearing loss. A cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that does the work of damages parts of the inner ear to provide sound signals to the brain. In Kazakhstan, the program on cochlear implantation has been implemented since 2007. More than 100 surgical interventions are carried out annually. The purpose of our study is to provide information on the medical cost of cochlear implantation in children. Methods: Criteria for the selection of our studies included systematic reviews from PubMed, Cochrane, and Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CDR). Studies were included in English from the period 2005 to 2018, aged 0–18 years. Administrative data related to the cost of surgical interventions, hospitalizations, and other data on cochlear implantation were also included. Results: By a discussion between the two authors, all studies involving economic cost and effectiveness of unilateral cochlear implantation were included. We revealed that the cost of the device is according to the data of other countries from 64.4% to 78% of the total cost of the pre-operative and operational period, while in the Republic of Kazakhstan it was 97%. The cost of various treatments is also comparatively very low in the RK. Conclusion: For the Republic of Kazakhstan, there is a need for additional studies to identify the reasons for prolonged hospitalization of patients, and also to study post-operative costs for analyzing the economic efficiency of investing funds for cochlear implantation. In international practice, for the analysis of economic efficiency, studies such as cost-utility analysis are carried out, which would be acceptable in Kazakhstan for decision makers.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Aigul Medeulova1,2 *, Lyazzat Kosherbayeva2,3 , Ardak Nurbakyt 2,3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicine, Kazakhstan’s Medical University “Kazakh School of Public Health,” Kazakhstan,

    2 Department of Integrated System of Economics and Management in Healthcare, Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Kazakhstan,

    3 Department of Health Policy and Organization, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

    *Corresponding author: Aigul Medeulova, Kazakh National Medical University, 90 Tole bi Str, Almaty, Kazakhstan

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    Author:

    Aigul Medeulova1,2 *, Lyazzat Kosherbayeva2,3 , Ardak Nurbakyt 2,3

    Title:Economic evaluation of cochlear implantation for children in Kazakhstan
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2500-2501)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Cochlear implantation, Economic evaluation
    Research Materials:Children

Keywords

Children Cochlear implantation Economic evaluation Kazakhstan

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