Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002679
Title: Variations in the normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Respiratory disorders such as asthma and acute respiratory distress syndrome are more prevalent diseases affecting people. People whose normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter varies may develop chest wall deformities such as kyphoscoliosis, emphysema, and thoracic kyphoscoliosis which are all caused mainly because of changes in the spinal curvature. Barrel chest most commonly relates to osteoarthritis as the age increases. Emphysema may later lead to barrel chest, which is due to the variations in the normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall. Materials and Methods: After getting proper informed consent, the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall (in cm) of randomly chosen 30 male subjects were taken using cardboards and ruler. For measuring the anteroposterior diameter, cardboards were placed in dorsal and ventral position. For transverse diameter, cardboards were placed in lateral position. Result: The normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall should be in the ratio 5:7 in humans for the proper maintenance of normal respiration. Normal ratio of 30 men’s was measured and nearly, 73% of them have normal and near normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall. 27% have altered ratio of the same, indicating the presence of an underlying respiratory or cardiac disease and should be evaluated for the same. Conclusion: 22 of the participants have normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall. Remaining 8 have variations in the chest wall indicating the presence of an underlying respiratory or cardiac disease and should be evaluated for the same

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    Author(s) Name:

    M. Ovia1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2 *, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of  Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: K. Yuvraj Babu, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    M. Ovia1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2 *, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2

    Title:Variations in the normal ratio of the anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the chest wall
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2514-2516)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Emphysema, Kyphoscoliosis, Osteoarthritis, Spinal curvature, Thoracic kyphoscoliosis
    Research Materials: 30 male

Keywords

Emphysema Kyphoscoliosis Osteoarthritis Spinal curvature Thoracic kyphoscoliosis

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