Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002681
Title: Correlation of facial and nasal index in gender determination
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Anthropometry is associated early tool of anthropology; it’s been used for identification, for the needs of understanding human physical variation. In palaeoanthropology, it makes an attempt to correlate physical with racial and psychological traits. Facial index refers to the length of the face to the width of the face multiplied by 100: Often used in comparative anthropology. Nasal index refers to the nasal width by nasal height multiplied by 100. This research aims to correlate the facial and nasal index in gender determination and to estimate which is more significant for gender determination. Materials and Methods: South Indian people of various age groups were chosen, and the nasal index of 41 males and 39 females were calculated. Nasal height and width as well as facial height and width were measured using a Vernier caliper. Both the parameters were calculated to estimate gender difference. The obtained data were subjected to statistically. Results: Using the nasal parameters such as nasal width, nasal length, and nasal indices, the comparison between the nasal indices of the males and the females of South India was done and recorded. For females, the mean nasal index was 84.72, and for males, the mean nasal index was 91.61 P = 0.002909 and the t = 2.83591. The result is significant at P < 0.05. Using the facial parameters such as facial width, facial length, and facial indices, the comparison between the facial indices of the males and the females of South India was done and recorded. For females, the mean facial index was 90.14, and for males, the mean nasal index was 85.73. The result is significant at P < 0.05. Conclusion: The study concludes that the nasal index is greater in male south Indian population than that of females. Similarly, the facial index is greater in male south Indian population than that of females. Since the difference of between nasal index is significant than the facial index (i.e., 6.89 and 4.41, respectively), we can conclude that nasal index is also a useful parameter to estimate gender difference.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Sudarsan Ravichandran1 , K. Yuvraj Babu2 *, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: K. Yuvraj Babu, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Sudarsan Ravichandran1 , K. Yuvraj Babu2 *, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2

    Title:Correlation of facial and nasal index in gender determination
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2521-2523)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Facial index, Facial length, Facial width, Nasal index, Nasal length, Nasal width
    Research Materials:South Indian people

Keywords

Facial index Facial length Facial width Nasal index Nasal length Nasal width

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