Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002714
Title: Comparison of oral microbiota among smokers and non-smokers - A pilot study
Category: Pharmacology
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    Background: The relationship between humans and their oral microflora begins shortly after birth and lasts a lifetime. Cigarette smoking is a public health issue. It is the major cause of oral cancer, periodontitis, color change on the teeth, halitosis, and other health implications. It brings about a drastic decrease in the commensal population of normal flora in the oral cavity leading to an increase of pathogenic microbes. The study was designed to determine the changes caused by tobacco smoking on the microbial profile and oral health conditions of cigarette smokers. Materials and Methods: This study included 20 adults aged 18–65 years visiting the Dental Outpatient Department of Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai. Patients were randomly selected depending on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the subjects signed informed consent and filled out Fagerstrom nicotine dependence test questionnaire. From each subject, one sample which was the swab from the buccal mucosa was obtained and sent to the microbiological laboratory for analysis of the presence of any microorganisms. Results: Staphylococcus and Bacillus species were the most prevalent bacterial isolate, followed by Enterococcus and Micrococcus species among smokers, while Streptococcus was the most prevalent isolates among nonsmokers followed by Enterococcus and Bacillus species. Conclusion: Smokers had a diverse microbial colonization than nonsmokers. Our study suggests that smoking alters bacterial acquisition and oral mucosal colonization in favor of periodontal pathogens. Awareness should be created for the public on the health implication of smoking and poor oral practice.

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    Author(s) Name:

    R. J. Ilankizhai 1 , L. Leelavathi 2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: L. Leelavathi, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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    Author:

    R. J. Ilankizhai 1 , L. Leelavathi 2 *

    Title:Comparison of oral microbiota among smokers and non-smokers - A pilot study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (Sept [ Special Issue 1 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2669-2673)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: A pilot study
    Research Materials:Nicotine

Keywords

Bacteria Nicotine dependence Oral microbiota Smoking Tobacco

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