Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002781
Title: Role of chewing gum in oral hygiene maintenance
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Aim and Objective: The aim and objective of this review are to gain knowledge on sugar-free chewing gums in oral hygiene maintenance. Background: Dental caries and periodontal diseases have historically been considered the most important global oral health burdens. Hence, the dental care needs to apply strategies for oral health problems. Chewing gum gained interest due to its ability to stimulate salivation and accelerate the clearance of fermentable carbohydrates from the dietary intake. Chewing gum with xylitol has received special attention due to its mechanical cleaning together with saliva stimulation. These actions could lead to a therapeutic and caries lowering action and various other oral health benefits. Xylitol is indeed becoming quite popular, especially in dentistry, and for good reason, it helps to prevent cavities. It is a natural sugar alcohol similar to other so-called sugar alcohols such as mannitol and sorbitol used as sugarless sweeteners. Xylitol also has the added effect of stopping the saliva from becoming acidic so that decay not only does not start but also rather your mouth becomes an environment that favors non-acid producing bacteria. Researchers have found that systematic use of xylitol chewing gum significantly reduces the relative risk of caries when compared to chewing gums containing sorbitol and sucrose. In addition, xylitol gum is more frequently associated with halting the progression of very tiny cavities versus other combination of chewing gum. The use of other products containing xylitol such as mints, candy, and cookies has shown a decreased incidence of dental caries by arresting active decay. Reason: This review was done to gain knowledge about the benefits of sugar-free chewing gums which is an excellent way to protect the overall oral health and even prevent cavities.

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    Author(s) Name:

    H. Aravinth1 , Dhanraj Ganapathy2 , Ashish R. Jain2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Ashish R. Jain, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai - 600 127, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    H. Aravinth1 , Dhanraj Ganapathy2 , Ashish R. Jain2 *

    Title:Role of chewing gum in oral hygiene maintenance
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (October [ Special Issue 2 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2920-2926)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Dental caries, Mastication
    Research Materials:Chewing gum

Keywords

Chewing gum Dental caries Mastication Prevention Saliva Sugar free

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