Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002816
Title: Correlation of facial form and profile shape in patients with Class I, II, and III malocclusion
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: A number of authors have suggested that there is close relationship between the facial form and also profile shape with Class I, II, and III malocclusion. Malocclusion is a morphological variation among individual that can be associated with the pathological condition in some cases. It is has the long last implication to the facial form and profile shape due to overbite and overjet condition. The most common malocclusion is Class I malocclusion in which the individual generally has mesocephalic head shape and straight facial profile. Aim: The scope of the research was to study the correlation between facial form and profile shape and in patients with Class I, II, and II malocclusion. Materials and Methods: A total of 18 subjects were recruited in this study that having malocclusions age ranging from 18 to 60 years. All the subjects were clinically examined for different types of malocclusion. The facial form and profile shape were assessed by viewing from the superficial facial features from the subject’s coronal and sagittal side, respectively. Result: 11 out of the total subjects were having Class l, the majority of them were mesoprosopic (82%), and both euryprosopic and leptoprosopic had equally 9% each. For Class II, 25% were euryprosopic and 75% were mesoprosopic. There was no significant subject having leptoprosopic facial morphology in Class II. Facial index in Class III show majority of leptoprosopic facial index (75%) followed by mesoprosopic with the percentage of 33. According to the gender, it was that both sexes had equivalence in molar Class II. Conclusion: The face and skeletal morphology does have a specific type of dental malocclusion, which can be related to the attribution of germ layer during growth development. This is in concordance to the result that subjects with mesoprosopic facial type have more likely to have Class I and Class I dental malocclusion.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Nor Masitah Mohamed Shukri 1 , Saravana Pandian2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1  Department of BDS, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Orthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Saravana Pandian, Department of Orthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Nor Masitah Mohamed Shukri 1 , Saravana Pandian2 *

    Title:Correlation of facial form and profile shape in patients with Class I, II, and III malocclusion
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (October [ Special Issue 2 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (3074-3078)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Facial form, Malocclusion, Occlusion, Profile shape, Prognathism, Retrognathism
    Research Materials:Correlation of facial

Keywords

Facial form Malocclusion Occlusion Profile shape Prognathism Retrognathism

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