Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002830
Title: Comparison of intercanine and intermolar width of the maxilla as an aid in gender determination: A preliminary study
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Gender determination of skeletal remains is a part of archaeological analysis and medicolegal cases. The method of identification may vary, but the ultimate goal is to determine the gender of suspecting skeletal remains. The identification of skeletal remains gains utmost importance in cases of mass fatality such as in earthquakes, tsunami, cyclones, and flood. The aim of this study is to determine and evaluate the usefulness of intercanine and width of intermolar arch of the maxilla for gender determination. Materials and Methods: The sample size was of 60 volunteers with equal gender distribution, aged between 18 and 35 years in Saveetha Dental College. A Vernier caliper was used to measure the intercanine and intermolar distance, and the measurements were recorded and analyzed statistically. Results: Intercanine width in maxillary arch for male and female was 34.22 ± 1.50 mm and 34.49 ± 1.40 mm, respectively, with t value of 4.00. Intermolar width in maxillary arch for male and female was 46.74 ± 2.09 mm and 49.44 ± 1.82 mm, respectively, with t value of 6.13. On using the receiver operating characteristic curve to deduce sensitivity and specificity of the measurements taken, maxillary intermolar arch width gave high specificity of 92% with the best sensitivity, i.e., 64%. Conclusion: Based on the results, the intermolar arch width may be useful in determining the gender of dental remains accurately or of individuals with missing canine teeth. It may be more accurate in gender determination than intercanine arch width in the maxilla.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Amina M. Bano1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: K. Yuvaraj Babu, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Amina M. Bano1 , K. Yuvaraj Babu2 *

    Title:Comparison of intercanine and intermolar width of the maxilla as an aid in gender determination: A preliminary study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (November [ Special Issue 3 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (3149-3152)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Gender distribution, Intercanine distance, Intermolar distance
    Research Materials:Forensic odontology

Keywords

Forensic odontology Gender distribution Intercanine distance Intermolar distance

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