Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002850
Title: Medical and psychological characteristics of the 1st year students of medical and pedagogical institutes and their features of educational adaptation
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Objective: The process of education in a medical institute is accompanied by a high level of anxiety and depression among students that have a negative impact on their mental and physical health. The aim of our work is to develop recommendations for reducing the level of educational stress on the basis of studying the medical and psychological characteristics and peculiarities of educational stress among students of medical and pedagogical institutes. Materials and Method: We used medical-sociological and psychometric methods for examining 160 students (100 medical and 60 pedagogical) at the age from 17 to 24 (18.3 ± 1.4) years. Results: It was found that the high educational load, problems with study, lack of night sleep, and inability to cope with stress cause medical students to have a high level of educational stress (Me = 5 points and higher). Clinically significant symptoms of social phobia and generalized anxiety were revealed in 16% of medical students and in 5–6.6% of pedagogical students. Symptoms of depression (according to the depression anxiety stress scale-21 scale) were observed in 34% of physicians and 17% in pedagogues. The probability of depression in medical students is 4 times higher than that of pedagogical students. Subclinical and clinical levels of depression were more common among those admitted to the university than on their own initiative: 18.5–42.1%, respectively. A direct correlation dependence of the subjective evaluation of the complexity of study with the level of stress, anxiety, and depression in medical students was revealed. A high level of anxiety among medical students was observed more often than among pedagogical students: 35–8.3%, respectively; in addition, the probability of developing anxiety in them is 6 times higher. It is required to optimize the schedules of classes and the academic load of medical students for the prevention of educational stress, anxiety, and depression. Conclusion: In addition, it is expedient to develop and implement the programs of “time management” and “stress management” in the 1st year of education.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Victoria V. Ruzhenkova*, Victoria B. Tarabaeva, Victor A. Ruzhenkov, Inna S. Lukyantseva

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Clinical Psychology, Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russian Federation, Russia

    *Corresponding author: Victoria Ruzhenkova, Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Clinical Ps ychology, Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russian Federation, Russia

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    Author:

    Victoria V. Ruzhenkova*, Victoria B. Tarabaeva, Victor A. Ruzhenkov, Inna S. Lukyantseva

    Title:Medical and psychological characteristics of the 1st year students of medical and pedagogical institutes and their features of educational adaptation
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (November [ Special Issue 3 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (3240-3246)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Anxiety, Depression, Educational stress, Medical, Psychological characteristics, Stress management, Students
    Research Materials:Educational stress

Keywords

Anxiety Depression Educational stress Medical Psychological characteristics Stress management Students

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