Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003029
Title: Radiation-induced Risk in Pediatric Dentistry - A Review
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Review Article
  • Abstract
  • Audio Abstract
  • Authors
  • Pdf File
  • Citation
  • My Reference
  • Methodology
  • Abstract

    This study aim is to know the radiation risk in pediatric dentistry, especially using ionizing radiation in computed tomography. Imaging studies that use ionizing radiation are an essential tool for the evaluation of many disorders of childhood. Ionizing radiation is used in radiography, fluoroscopy, angiography, and computed tomography scanning. Computed tomography is of particular interest due to its relatively high radiation dose and wide use. Statements on radiation risk suggest that it is reasonable to act on the assumption that low-level radiation may have a small risk of causing cancer. The best available risk estimates suggest that pediatric computed tomography (CT) will result in significantly increased lifetime radiation risk over adult CT, both due to the increased dose per milliampere-second and the increased lifetime risk per unit dose. Lower milliampere-second settings can be used for children without significant loss of information. Although the risk-benefit balance is still strongly tilted toward benefit, because the frequency of pediatric CT examinations is rapidly increasing, estimates that quantitative lifetime radiation risks for children undergoing CT are not negligible, and may stimulate more active reduction of CT exposure settings in pediatric patients.

  • Abstract Audio

    No Audio file found

  • About the authors and Affiliations

    Author(s) Name:

    S. Suvitha1 , R. Mahesh2 , R. N. Balakrishna3 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Oral Surgery, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: R. N. Balakrishna, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai – 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • View Article File in pdf format.

    Article File
  • View Article Citation Here.

    0 View More
  • How to Cite my Article.

    Author:

    S. Suvitha1 , R. Mahesh2 , R. N. Balakrishna3 *

    Title:Radiation-induced Risk in Pediatric Dentistry - A Review
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December [ Special Issue 5 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (3819-3823)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Computed tomography, Ionizing radiation, Risk
    Research Materials:Children

Keywords

Children Computed tomography Ionizing radiation Risk

Our Services

Most Downloaded List