Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003045
Title: Effect of betel nut quid chewing on cardiovascular and respiratory changes on sanitary workers of kanchipuram municipality
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Background: The handling and disposal of municipal solid waste is becoming a natural and a general well-being concern. An alarming increase in the morbidity and mortality from respiratory diseases is due to the exposure of the sanitary workers, to the contamination of atmospheric oxygen that is ambient and particulate. Due to their introduction to numerous hazard factors, they endure high rates of occupational medical issues. In the total populations about 10% of them having the habit of betel quid chewing. Areca nut is the seed of the palm tree Areca catechu, which is the fourth most commonly used psychoactive substance, next to caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol. The recent investigations propose that the usage of betel nut remains as a major cause for the onset of such systemic diseases as metabolic and cardiorespiratory ailments. Aim: This study was aimed to understand the effects of betel chewing which, in turn, causes cardiovascular and respiratory changes on sanitary workers of Kanchipuram municipality. Materials and Methods: It is a comparative study analysis, in which nearly 100 sanitary workers actively participated and the following data were obtained based on blood pressure and pulse using sphygmomanometer. Mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure were also calculated from the anthropometry measurements measured using height and weight machine. The pulmonary function test was obtained using computerized spirometer - HELIOS 701. The sanitary workers were divided into two groups such as 50 betel chewing sanitary workers (Group 1) and 50 non-betel chewing sanitary workers (Group-2). Pulmonary test parameters such as forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), FEV1 to FVC, PEFR (FEFR25-75 ), and respiratory endurances were compared with the two groups and the results were obtained. Results: On comparing the cardiovascular and respiratory parameters of the sanitary workers, the result showed many significant changes between the non-betel groups and betel chewing sanitary workers. Conclusion: The findings of our study clearly showed that both betel and non-betel chewing sanitary workers have cardiopulmonary alteration, but betel chewing sanitary workers have mild reduction with cardiopulmonary parameters than non-betel chewing sanitary workers.

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    Author(s) Name:

    E. Kayalvizhi 1 *, B. Manikandan1 , C. G. V. Raveena Ragavi 2 , R. Muthulakshmi 1 , M. Anto Simon Joseph3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Physiology, Meenakshi Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Enathur, Kancheepuram, MAHER (Deemed to Be University), Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Internship, Meenakshi Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Enathur, Kancheepuram, MAHER (Deemed to Be University), Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Biotechnology, K.S.G. College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. E. Kayalvizhi, Department of Physiology, Meenakshi Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, MAHER (Deemed to Be University), Enathur, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    E. Kayalvizhi 1 *, B. Manikandan1 , C. G. V. Raveena Ragavi 2 , R. Muthulakshmi 1 , M. Anto Simon Joseph3

    Title:Effect of betel nut quid chewing on cardiovascular and respiratory changes on sanitary workers of kanchipuram municipality
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (January)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (206-209)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Cardiovascular system, Pulmonary function test, Sanitary workers
    Research Materials:betel nut quid chewing

Keywords

Betel chewing Cardiovascular system Pulmonary function test Sanitary workers

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