Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003090
Title: The effect of age and social status on the quality of life of patients with pathology of the retina and optic nerve
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: This study is devoted to the study of the quality of life of patients with pathologies of the optic nerve and retina. Material and methods: The study involved 77 patients from Astana city polyclinics. The age range of respondents ranged from 18 to 82 years, the average age - 50.7±18.3. The sex composition of participants was distributed with a predominance of men (51%, p=0.001).Result and discussion: The quality of life associated with vision was studied using a questionnaire of visual functions developed by scientists of the National Eye Institute - NEI VFQ-25, formed on the analysis of indicators of 12 scales.The study of the sex-age characteristics of patients was carried out in the interval groups calculated by Sturges’ formula.The study on the homogeneity of the results in age groups on the scales of the questionnaire revealed practical homogeneity in most scales, exceptions were the scales of dependence on physical assistance, role difficulties and distance activities.The effect of age on the quality of life of patients with retinal and optic nerve pathology was revealed.It was found that the respondents noted the deterioration of visual functions with increasing age: near activities (r=-0.899, p<0.025), distance activities (r=-0.78, p<0.025), color vision (r=-0.98, p<0.025), peripheral vision (r=-0.78, p<0.025). Conclusion: In the course of the study, it was found that young respondents in the interval groups 18-27, 28-37 have problems in the field of life activity associated with mental health (r=0.88, p<0.025), role difficulties (r=0.9, p<0.025) and dependence on physical assistance (r=0.93, p<0.025).

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    Author(s) Name:

    Bayanbayeva Zhanna1 , Raushangul Magzumova2,1 , Akhmedyanova Zeinet 1 , Yeltokova Manshuk3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Public Health Care, Astana Medical University, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan,

    2 Department of Eye Microsurgery, Candidate of JSC “National Scientific Medical Centre,” Ophthalmologist, Astana, Kazakhstan,

    3 Department of Eye Microsurgery, Ophthalmologist, National Scientific Medical Centre, , Astana, Kazakhstan

    Corresponding author: BayanbayevaZhanna, PhD student of Public Health Care Department No.2, JSC “Astana Medical University”, Astana, Kazakhstan, 49a Beybitshilik str., off. 58, Astana, 010000.

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    Author:

    Bayanbayeva Zhanna1 , Raushangul Magzumova2,1 , Akhmedyanova Zeinet 1 , Yeltokova Manshuk3

    Title:The effect of age and social status on the quality of life of patients with pathology of the retina and optic nerve
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December [ Special Issue 5 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (3892-3896)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Disease of the retina and optic nerve, National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25, Quality of life, Questionnaire
    Research Materials:77 patients from Astana city

Keywords

Disease of the retina and optic nerve National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 Quality of life Questionnaire

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