Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003093
Title: Anatomical causes of Costen’s syndrome
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    On 108 skulls specimens with malocclusion and 30 skulls specimens with complete edentulism from the craniological collection of the Department of Normal Anatomy of the Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov, a comprehensive study of the morphometric characteristics of the articular surfaces of TMD joint was carried out. The peculiarities of petrotympanic fissure topography in various forms of the brain skull were also evaluated to establish the possible anatomical causes of Costen’s syndrome. The fact of the variability of the petrotympanic fissure topography within the mandibular fossa has been established, the fissure can be located in back and mesial parts of this fossa or it takes intermediate position. The option of petrotympanic fissure topography in mesial parts of the mandibular fossa is a predisposing anatomical factor for Costen’s syndrome and can be found at different neurocranium forms but predominantly at hypsicranial. The immediate cause of the Costen’s syndrome can be occlusal-caused diseases followed by TMD joint dysfunction. In this case, the changes of articular surface of TMD joint take place, in particular, a decrease in size of the head of mandible, its pathological displace, capsule stretching, and compression of chorda tympani.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Ivan V. Gaivoronskiy1, Alexander V. Tscymbalystov2, Maria G. Gaivoronskaya3 *, Irina V. Voytyatskaya2 , Vladimir K. Leontiev2 , Sergey Y Ivanov2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Military Medical Academy Named After S.M. Kirov 194044 St. Petersburg, Academician Lebedev Street., 6, Russia,

    2 Department of Dentistry, Belgorod State University 308000, Belgorod, Russia,

    3 Department of Morphology, St. Petersburg State University 199034 St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya Embankment 7/9, Russia

    *Corresponding author: Maria G. Gaivoronskaya, Department of Morphology, St. Petersburg State University 199034 St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya Embankment 7/9, Russia

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    Author:

    Ivan V. Gaivoronskiy1, Alexander V. Tscymbalystov2, Maria G. Gaivoronskaya3 *, Irina V. Voytyatskaya2 , Vladimir K. Leontiev2 , Sergey Y Ivanov2

    Title:Anatomical causes of Costen’s syndrome
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December [ Special Issue 5 ])
    Year:2018
    Page No: (3905-3909)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Articular head, Brain skull, Chorda tympani, Costen’s syndrome, Dysfunction, Mandibular fossa, Petrotympanic fissure, Temporomandibular joint
    Research Materials:Costen’s syndrome

Keywords

Articular head Brain skull Chorda tympani Costen’s syndrome Dysfunction Mandibular fossa Petrotympanic fissure Temporomandibular joint

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