Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003144
Title: Efficacy of aerobic exercise and relaxation training in premenstrual symptoms in collegiates
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: The purpose of this study is to show the effectiveness of aerobic exercise and relaxation training in premenstrual symptoms (PMS). Background: PMS refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the 1–2 weeks before women’s menstruation. It is characterized by acne, tender breasts, abdominal cramp, low back pain, calf cramps, feeling tired, mood swings, and migraine. Up to 80% of the women’s population suffer from PMS. The etiology of PMS is largely idiopathic. Methodology: This study is a comparative study with 30 subjects selected randomly between the age groups of 18–25 years in collegiates. The study will be done in ACS Medical College and Hospital for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks using premenstrual syndrome questionnaire, and visual analog scale (VAS) was used for outcome measures. Subjects with age group between 18 and 25, college girls, subjects with PMS- premenstrual symptoms, and subjects having VAS score between 5 and 7 and PMS- premenstrual syndrome questionnaire score between 35 and 45 were included in the study, and girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome, pregnancy, and neurological disorder and married girls were excluded from the study. Procedure: The PMS occurs 1 or 2 weeks before menstruation. Thirty subjects were randomly selected and two groups were divided. Group A received aerobic exercise and Group B received relaxation training. Aerobic exercise was carried out with limb and trunk movements, and relaxation training was carried out with breathing exercise and movements of joint (tensed and relaxed-Jacobson relaxation techniques). Results: On comparing the mean values of Groups A and B on postmenstrual syndrome- premenstrual symptoms, it shows a significant decrease in the post-test mean values, but Group A (aerobic exercises) shows 23.06 which has the lower mean value and is more effective than Group B (relaxation training) (28.06) at P ≤ 0.001. Hence, the null hypothesis is rejected. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise is more effective compared to relaxation training in subjects with PMS.

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    Author(s) Name:

    R. Nithyanisha*, S. Ashwini, S. M. Divya Mary, K. Kirupa, V. Pavithra Lochani

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. R. Nithyanisha, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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    Author:

    R. Nithyanisha*, S. Ashwini, S. M. Divya Mary, K. Kirupa, V. Pavithra Lochani

    Title:Efficacy of aerobic exercise and relaxation training in premenstrual symptoms in collegiates
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (February)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (391-395)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Aerobic exercise, Premenstrual symptom questionnaire, Premenstrual symptoms, Relaxation training, Visual analog scale
    Research Materials:18 and 25, college girls

Keywords

Aerobic exercise Premenstrual symptom questionnaire Premenstrual symptoms Relaxation training Visual analog scale

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