Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003155
Title: Morphometric study of accessory foramen transversarium and their clinical importance
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: To determine the presence of accessory foramen transversarium of cervical vertebrae and to investigate them according to their size, shape, location, diameter, and their changes related to the vertebral artery and their clinical significance. Material and Methods: The study was done in Saveetha Medical College, Thandalam, and 120 cervical vertebrae were procured from the Department of Anatomy to find the presence of accessory foramen transversarium and investigate them according to their morphometry based on size, shape, location, classification, and diameter. The size were measured by digital vernier caliper. Results: Out of 120 cervical vertebrae, accessory foramen transversarium is found only in 39 cervical vertebrae. Of these, 20 were complete and 19 were incomplete foramen. Based on shape, 11 round, 18 oval, and 10 irregular shapes were seen. Unilaterally 28 and bilaterally 11 accessory foramen transversarium were found. About 28 accessory foramen transversarium were seen in front and 11 were seen at the back in relation to foramen transversarium. Antero- posterior and transverse diameter of 39 accessory foramen transversarium was measured and their mean and standard deviation were calculated. Discussion: The neck is the part of long vertebral column which has cervical vertebrae. There are seven cervical vertebrae and are identified by the presence of foramen in their transverse process called foramen transversarium, the cardinal feature of cervical vertebrae. The knowledge of the dimension of both foramen transversarium and accessory foramen transversarium may contribute as additional information for the clinical during any procedure around cervical region. Conclusion: The knowledge of the presences of accessory foramen transversarium is important for radiologist and clinicians during vascular surgeries and neurosurgeries.

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    Author(s) Name:

    R. Revathy1 , Yuvaraj Maria Francis2 *, S. Pavithra1 , A. Priyadarshini 2 , Balaji Karunakarn2 , Gunapriya Raghunath2 , K. Rekha1

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Physiotherapy, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College Hospital, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Mr. Maria Francis Yuvaraj, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College Hospital, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    R. Revathy1 , Yuvaraj Maria Francis2 *, S. Pavithra1 , A. Priyadarshini 2 , Balaji Karunakarn2 , Gunapriya Raghunath2 , K. Rekha1

    Title:Morphometric study of accessory foramen transversarium and their clinical importance
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (February)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (437-441)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Morphometric study
    Research Materials:120 cervical vertebrae

Keywords

Accessory foramen transversarium Cardinal feature Cervical vertebrae Morphometry Vertebral artery

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