Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003293
Title: A comparative study of ultrasound therapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in reducing pain for temporomandibular joint disorder
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of ultrasound and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in reducing pain for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder. Background: The signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder involve the masticator muscles, TMJ. Patients suffering from temporomandibular joint disorder frequently have pain in the region of the temporal mandibular joint, joint clicking or crepitus, and restricted jaw movements. The etiology of temporal mandibular disorder is little understood but has been associated with several factors including malocclusion, trauma, emotional stress, and par functional habits (clenching and bruxism). Methodology: The study is a comparative study with the study set up at the outpatient physiotherapy department of ACS Medical College and Hospital. 30 subjects were randomly selected with the duration of 30 days in 10 sessions and with inclusion criteria of patient in both sexes of the age group of 20–40 years, and the individual presented with signs and symptoms of pain on masticator muscles and exclusion criteria with recent TMJ dislocation, hairy surface, and radiculopathy or other neurological deficits. Procedure: A total of 30 subjects with the inclusion criteria are selected and the study is explained to them before starting the procedure, the patients are said not to take any analgesic drugs or have any other form of therapy. Then, the subjects are randomly divided into two groups and visual analog scale (VAS) score of pain taken for each group before treatment, Group A: Received TENS for the duration of 15 min and Group B: Received continuous mode ultrasound at 3 MHz of the duration of 5 min. Then, after 4 weeks of treatment, the VAS score of pain is again taken. Results: There is a significant difference among the mean values of the VAS scorings of Group A and Group B (P > 0.1). The mean of Group B was greater than that of Group A. Conclusion: This study conclude that ultrasound therapy is more effective in reducing pain in temporomandibular joint disorder than TENS.

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    Author(s) Name:

    K. Kirupa*, S. M. Divya Mary, G. Vaishnavi, R. Nithya Nisha, J. Rennie Mercy, G. Jaiganesh

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: K. Kirupa, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    K. Kirupa*, S. M. Divya Mary, G. Vaishnavi, R. Nithya Nisha, J. Rennie Mercy, G. Jaiganesh

    Title:A comparative study of ultrasound therapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in reducing pain for temporomandibular joint disorder
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (March)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (515-517)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A comparative study
    Research Materials:Pain

Keywords

Pain Temporomandibular joint disorder Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation Ultrasound Visual analog scale

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