Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003306
Title: Morphometric analysis of opticochiasmatic apparatus in South Indian human dry skulls
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: This study aims to analyze the morphometry of opticochiasmatic apparatus in South Indian dry skulls. Introduction: Opticochiasmatic apparatus includes clinoid processes, sulcus chiasmaticus, hypophyseal fossa, and optic canal. Anatomically and clinically, this area is considered as very important and highly complicated area to approach in surgical conditions due to close association of anatomical structures such as optic and its vessels, hypophysis cerebri with infundibulum, cavernous sinuses. Materials and Methods: The study used dry skulls of South Indian populations and Vernier caliper for measurement. Results: According to the present study, the mean value of interanterior clinoid process and interposterior clinoid process is 18.25 mm and 12.53 mm. The mean of distances between anterior and posterior clinoid process on the right and left side is 13.41 mm and 13.55 mm, respectively. The mean of distance of the oblique axis between the right anterior clinoid and left posterior clinoid processes is 16.83 mm and for the distance of the oblique axis between the left anterior clinoid and right posterior clinoid process is 18.14 mm. The mean for the diameter of hypophyseal fossa and optic canal of the right and left side is 12.4 mm, 4.36 mm, and 4.31 mm, respectively. For the sulcus chiasmaticus is 14.92 mm. Conclusion: The present study thus concluded that the morphometric knowledge of opticochiasmatic apparatus is of utmost important in anthropological studies and operative surgeries.

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    Author(s) Name:

    V. T. Thamaraiselvi, Dinesh Premavathy*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Dinesh Premavathy, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai – 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    V. T. Thamaraiselvi, Dinesh Premavathy*

    Title:Morphometric analysis of opticochiasmatic apparatus in South Indian human dry skulls
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (March)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (565-568)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Clinoid process, Morphometric analysis
    Research Materials:South Indian human dry skulls

Keywords

Clinoid process Hypophyseal fossa Sella turcica

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