Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003393
Title: Prevalence of dental caries in fluorinated school children in Dharmapuri district aged 12–18 years
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Dental fluorosis develops due to excess fluoride intake >1 ppm. Fluoride is used to prevent dental caries as fluoride combines with calcium to form calcium fluorapatite crystals which resist acid dissolvent. However, dental caries is found among the patients who are having dental fluorosis. The present research aims to study the prevalence of dental caries among individuals who are having dental fluorosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 140 school children who are exposed to fluoride drinking water in endemic areas of Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, India. All children were examined for dental caries using Dean’s fluorosis index and decayed, missing, and filled teeth index. Results: The study establishes that in Group 1 among 17 children with questionable dental fluorosis 9 (52.9%) have dental caries. In Group II among 22 children with very mild dental fluorosis 10 (45.4%) have dental caries. In Group III among 27 children with mild dental fluorosis 17 (62.9%) have dental caries. In Group IV among 38 children with moderate dental fluorosis 29 (76.3%) have dental caries. In Group V among 36 children with severe dental fluorosis 30 (83.3%) have dental caries. Conclusion: The research concludes that dental caries is present in fluorosis teeth may be due to hypocalcification of fluorosis tooth due to the incorporation of calcium.

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    Author(s) Name:

    S. Bavana Sri 1 , R. Sarah Sathiyawathie1 *, Deepa Gurunathan2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Research, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. R. Sarah Sathiyawathie, Department of Research, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai – 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    S. Bavana Sri 1 , R. Sarah Sathiyawathie1 *, Deepa Gurunathan2

    Title:Prevalence of dental caries in fluorinated school children in Dharmapuri district aged 12–18 years
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (April)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (629-631)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Calciumfluorapitite crystals, Dean’s fluorosis index, Decayed, missing, and filled teeth, Dental caries, Dental fluorosis, Hypocalcification
    Research Materials:school children; Dharmapuri district; aged 12–18 years

Keywords

Calciumfluorapitite crystals Dean’s fluorosis index Decayed missing and filled teeth Dental caries Dental fluorosis Hypocalcification

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