Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003518
Title: Awareness about the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of X-rays among undergraduate dental students
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: It is a well-established fact that ionizing radiation such as X-rays causes damage to the cell and its DNA resulting in cellular death. Hence, by outlining the harmful effects of radiation on the human body, it is possible to create awareness among dental students about unnecessary exposure of their patients to dental X-rays. This survey aims at assessing the awareness about genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of X-rays among undergraduate dental students. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 undergraduate dental students studying in a private institution in Chennai were questioned through an online questionnaire about the choice of X-rays, exposure time for various radiographs, importance of effective dose, pregnancy and X-rays, and the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) recommendations. Results: From the data obtained, it is seen that 51% of participants took X-rays when it is absolutely necessary which is considered to be the ideal protocol for diagnosis and 25% took X-rays for every patient. 40% of students were aware of the ALARA concept and implemented it in everyday practice, whereas 34% of students were aware but did not practice it clinically. This shows a discrepancy between theoretical knowledge and practical application which needs more focus. Conclusion: From this study, it is concluded that dental training for undergraduate students should aim at enhancing the concepts of limited radiation exposure, exposure during pregnancy, radiation protection, concept of ALARA, and the AERB recommendations. There still exists an imbalance between the knowledge and practical application of the same in day to day practice. Thus, it is seen that implementation of theoretical knowledge in clinical practice is needed.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Sruthi Srinivasan1 , Sreedevi Dharman2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of General Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Sreedevi Dharman, Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai - 600077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Sruthi Srinivasan1 , Sreedevi Dharman2

    Title:Awareness about the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of X-rays among undergraduate dental students
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (May)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (883-889)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Cytotoxicity, Exposure, Genotoxicity, X-rays
    Research Materials:X-rays, Dentists

Keywords

Cytotoxicity Dentists Exposure Genotoxicity X-rays

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