Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003556
Title: Cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of root canal morphology of permanent mandibular incisors in Chennai population
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the root canal morphology of permanent mandibular incisors using cone- beam computed tomography (CBCT) in Chennai population based on Vertucci classification. Methods and Materials: The study was conducted on 40 CBCT scans of bilateral mandibular sides of patients of both sexes and ranging in the age of 18–49 years. The CBCT was collected from the Department of Oral Radiology, Saveetha Dental College. The inclusion criteria of this present study were included in the study: (i) No obvious dental caries, (ii) fully formed root canal apices without resorption or calcification, (iii) absence of root canal fillings, posts, and crown restoration, (iv) CBCT images of good quality, and (v) CBCT images which included the desired area of interest. The teeth involved were investigated for the number of roots, number of root canal per tooth, and root canal pattern (Vertucci 1984). Results: All the permanent mandibular incisors have a single root. Majority of the incisors had single canal. The prevalence of the second canal was found in 7.5% of mandibular central incisors and 13.7% mandibular lateral incisors. According to gender, 12.1% of mandibular incisors of males and 9.9% of mandibular incisors of females had second canal. Vertucci Type I (55.2%) was the most commonly seen root canal configuration in central incisors, followed by Type III (28.4%), Type V (9%), Type IV (4.5%), and Type II (3%). In case of lateral incisors, the most common was Type I (57.5%), followed by Type III (22.5%), Type IV (8.8%), Type V (6.3%), and Type II (5%). Conclusion: Vertucci Type I was the most common configuration in the mandibular incisors of Chennai population. Type II was the least common configuration. Incidence of two canals is higher in males than females and higher in mandibular lateral incisors than in mandibular central incisors. Proper attention should be given to the detection of a second canal during root canal treatment. CBCT provides an excellent imaging modality for the detection of different canal configurations of mandibular incisors.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Nurul Syamimi Binti Mohd Azlan Sunil, Dhanraj Ganapathy*, R. M. Visalakshi

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Dhanraj Ganapathy, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Nurul Syamimi Binti Mohd Azlan Sunil, Dhanraj Ganapathy*, R. M. Visalakshi

    Title:Cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of root canal morphology of permanent mandibular incisors in Chennai population
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (May)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (1049-1054)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Cone-beam computed tomography, Endodontics, Mandibular incisors, Root canal morphology, Vertucci’s classification
    Research Materials: 40 CBCT scans of bilateral mandibular sides of patients

Keywords

Cone-beam computed tomography Endodontics Mandibular incisors Root canal morphology Vertucci’s classification

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