Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-CPRMS-0000401
Title: Quality of life in families of children with autism spectrum disorder in India
Category: Clinical Pharmacy and Related Medical Science
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Autism Spectrum disorder is a complex developmental disability which is fast growing in nature across the globe. Disabilities in children cause not only financial burden but also leads to incomplete state of wellbeing in physical health, psychological health and social health of the families. Aims of this study were to evaluate the QOL in parents of Children with autism, physically disabled as compared to a control group; to compare the QOL of parents of children with autism as per the severity of condition. Methods: The sample consisted of 140 parents (73 mothers and 67 fathers) of 54 Children with autism, 38 children with physical disabilities and 48 healthy children. Diagnostic assessment scales Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism and Functional Ambulation Classification system were used and Quality of life was assessed by the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Results: One way ANOVA and Post Hoc test were used to identify the significant difference of quality of life scores. Parents with Children with Autism Spectrum disorder showed significantly lower quality of life compared with parents of healthy children and parents of children with physical disabilities (p<0.01) in all the four domains of WHOQOL-BREF. Little differences were observed in between physical disability group and normal group in Physical domain and psychological domain, however significant difference was found in social and environmental domain of WHOQOL-BREF. Conclusion: Compared with parents of children with physical disability and normal children, the parents of children with autism spectrum disorder had shown significant impairment in all the four domains (Physical, Psychological, Social and Environmental) measured by WHOQOL-BREF. These findings would help the health care professionals to develop appropriate supportive groups and psycho social intervention programs for the families of children with autism spectrum disorder.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Vaithi Perumal1*,Vimala Veeraraghavan2,Om Prakash Lekhra

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Prof & Head, Rehabilitation , SAIMS Medical College, Indore,M.P.,India
    2Ex. Emiritus Professor, Discipline of Psychology ,IGNOU, New Delhi,India
    3Assoc. Professor, Dept of Neurology SAIMS Medical College, Indore,M.P.,India

    *Corresponding author.
    Vaithi Perumal
    Prof & Head, Rehabilitation ,
    MOT MSc MPhil D’Rehab,M.P. India


    Received on:02-04-2014; Revised on: 08-05-2014; Accepted on:09-06-2014

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    Author:

    Vaithi Perumal1*,Vimala Veeraraghavan2,Om Prakash Lekhra

    Title:Quality of life in families of children with autism spectrum disorder in India
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):8 (June)
    Year:2014
    Page No: (791-797)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Diagnosis
    Research Materials:Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder Quality of Life

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