Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00004627
Title: Potential of the methanol extract from Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis as an antihypertensive agent possibly through the interference of glutathione S-transferase
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Hypertension is a condition, in which a patient’s systolic blood pressure reaches ≥140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure reaches ≥90 mmHg. The disease is generally treated using synthetic chemical drugs such as angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. In Indonesia, especially the island of Java, people often use medicinal plants called Jamu (herbs) to treat hypertension. One of the most often used medicinal plants to treat hypertension is cantaloupe (Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis) or Blewah in Javanese. However, thus far, the mechanism of how cantaloupe reduces blood pressure is still unknown. Materials and Methods: This research aimed to investigate the working mechanism of cantaloupe in reducing blood pressure through an in silico approach. Results: An enzyme activity analysis showed that the methanol extract from cantaloupe inhibited the activity of ACE in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the mapping analysis of the interaction between the bioactive compounds and their target proteins, using the STITCH and STRINGdb databases, suggested that L-glutathione (GSH) (reduced) interacted with proteins that are members of the superfamily of GSH S-transferase (GST). Conclusion: This protein family acts in detoxification and radical scavenging. Thus, the possible working mechanism of cantaloupe in reducing blood pressure is through the detoxification and radical scavenging pathways by GST.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Dian Laila Purwaningroom1 *, Toshinari Ishii 2 , Tutut Setiowati 1 , Galuh Wening Permatasari 3 , Cholik Harun Rosjidi 1 , Siti Munawaroh1

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Jl. Budi Utomo 10, Ponorogo, East Java 63471, Indonesia,

    2 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Collage of Life Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan,

    3 Research and Education Center for Bioinformatics, Institute of Bioinformatics, Malang, Indonesia

    *Corresponding author: Dian Laila Purwaningroom, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia.

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    Author:

    Dian Laila Purwaningroom1 *, Toshinari Ishii 2 , Tutut Setiowati 1 , Galuh Wening Permatasari 3 , Cholik Harun Rosjidi 1 , Siti Munawaroh1

    Title:Potential of the methanol extract from Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis as an antihypertensive agent possibly through the interference of glutathione S-transferase
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (December )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2910-2918)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:in silico approach,Antihypertension
    Research Materials: Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis

Keywords

Antihypertension Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis Glutathione S-transferase

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