Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P'Col-00004673
Title: A cross-sectional study on tobacco usage among rural population of puducherry
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Tobacco kills more than 1 million annually in India. 266.8 million people are current tobacco users, and a substantial number of people exposed to second-hand smoke are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. It is high time to address the burdens caused by tobacco usage. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the epidemiological pattern about the tobacco usage and factors associated with it in the rural area of Puducherry. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study done in the field practicing area of Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences from April to June 2019 with a sample size of 200. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to assess the sociodemographic and tobacco usage domains. Mean, proportions, and Chi-square test was used to analysis the collected data with SPSS version 21. Results: The mean age of the study group is 45.8 ± 15.2 years. In our study, 28% of the population belonged to 16–35 years, 42.5% of them belonged to 35–55 years, and 29.5% belonged to 55 years and above. About 60.5% were male and 39.5% were female. In our study, highly significant association was found between gender and type of tobacco usage (smoking type vs. smokeless type), and P < 0.001, gender and quality of cigarettes per day with P < 0.001 and significant association between gender frequency of smokeless type tobacco usage per day with P < 0.05. Conclusion: Our study shows the present epidemiological factors associated with tobacco usage and gaps in the prevention program. The present study helps in designing a module to create awareness among the tobacco users of rural Puducherry.

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    Author(s) Name:

    J. Barathalakshmi, R. Sivapragasam*, V. Tamilselvi

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Community Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India (Affiliated to Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India)

    *Corresponding author: Dr. R. Sivapragasam, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India (Affiliated to Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India).

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    Author:

    J. Barathalakshmi, R. Sivapragasam*, V. Tamilselvi

    Title:A cross-sectional study on tobacco usage among rural population of puducherry
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (December )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (3245-3250)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A cross-sectional study
    Research Materials: Tobacco

Keywords

Quality of life Smokeless tobacco Smoking Tobacco

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