Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P'Col-00004674
Title: Poor control of hypertension among the study population from South India and the influence of demographic factors
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Objectives: Higher global prevalence and inadequate control measures among the affected individuals have made hypertension, a major morbidity and mortality challenge to the modern society. The aim of the study was to assess various variables influencing hypertension control. This study is a cross-sectional study done at the tertiary level hospital, Southern part of India. Case Study: Patients with a history of hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg) and on more than 1-year prescription with antihypertensive drugs, more than 20 years of age, both the genders and with or without comorbidity were enrolled. Results: Various demographic variables were analyzed. Statistical analysis was done to determine the association of variables with the control of hypertension. Among the 448 patients, 244 (54.4%) were female and 203 (45.3%) were male. The mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic BPs were 144.81 mmHg (standard deviation [SD] ± 14.9) and 90.81 mmHg (SD ± 7.6), respectively. Only 11.8% of the hypertensive patients had a good control of hypertension. Variables such as age (P = 0.002), duration of hypertension (P = 0.052), history of drugs intake (P = 0.002), comorbid diseases (P = 0.000), and professional status (P = 0.001) had a statistically significant association with poor control of hypertension. An alarmingly, 87.2% of the study population was not controlling hypertension. Various variables were shown to be associated with poor control of hypertension. Any population with such poor hypertension control practices would lead to high morbidity and mortality, and urgent measures have to be undertaken to remove the poor control behaviors in a community.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Farhana Rahman1 *, Nagasundaram Muthaiah2 , B. Krishna Prasanth3 , S. D. Inbaraj 2, Arvind Singh4, Sunita Mohan5, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel 6

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Pharmacology, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Pharmacology, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Epidemiology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    4 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India,

    5 Research Affiliates @ Aditya Jyot Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India,

    6 Department of Research Center for Cellular Genomics, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Farhana Rahman, Department of Pharmacology, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Farhana Rahman1 *, Nagasundaram Muthaiah2 , B. Krishna Prasanth3 , S. D. Inbaraj 2, Arvind Singh4, Sunita Mohan5, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel 6

    Title:Poor control of hypertension among the study population from South India and the influence of demographic factors
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (December )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (3251-3254)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Association, Control, Demographic variables, Hypertension
    Research Materials:Patients

Keywords

Association Control Demographic variables Hypertension

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