Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-pp-00005043
Title: Pre-menstrual syndrome and its impact on adolescent women
Category: Pharmacy Practice
Section: Review Article
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    Aim: The aim of the study was to study and to create awareness of prevalence, symptoms, diagnosis, and management of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) and its impact on adolescent women. Data: PMS is a recurrent luteal phase condition characterized by physical, psychological, and behavioral changes of sufficient severity to result in deterioration of interpersonal relationships and normal activity. Pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered a severe form of PMS. The typical symptoms of PMS include symptoms such as mood swings, anxiety, and irritability, and physical symptoms such as headache, fatigue, bloating, sleep disturbances, nausea, and breast tenderness. About 90% of the women experience these symptoms during their childbearing age. Several factors such as hormonal change, diet, and lifestyle may cause PMS. PMS affects the day to day life of menstruating women of any age, race, and part of the world. Prescribed medications as oral contraceptives and antidepressants, some OTC drugs such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, and home remedies are taken as a treatment. Results: The prevalence of PMS is high among adolescent women. It has been estimated that affected women experience almost 3000 days of severe symptoms during the reproductive years. Until 2 decades ago, there were no effective treatments for severe PMS. Conclusion: Hence, changing lifestyle, modifying diet, exercises, stress reduction, and provision of services by health providers, such as counseling by a pharmacist can optimize the quality of life and overall health of women suffering from PMS. The health-care professionals should create awareness programs about PMS to improve the QOL and it should be encouraged.

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    Author(s) Name:

    V. Vasundhra*, S. Jayakumari

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels Institute of Sciences, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: V. Vasundhra, Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels Institute of Sciences, Technology and Advanced Studies, Pallavaram, Chennai - 600 117, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    V. Vasundhra*, S. Jayakumari

    Title:Pre-menstrual syndrome and its impact on adolescent women
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):14 (May)
    Year:2020
    Page No: (776-779)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Pre-menstrual dysphoric syndrome, Pre-menstrual Syndrome, Quality of life, Symptoms
    Research Materials:adolescent women

Keywords

Pre-menstrual dysphoric syndrome Pre-menstrual Syndrome Quality of life Symptoms

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