Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research

Article Id: JPRS-MPS-000083
Title: Benzoic acid, one of the major components of aqueous bark extract of Terminalia arjuna protects against Copper-Ascorbate induced oxidative stress in human placental mitochondria through antioxidant m
Category: Mechanism / Pathway Study
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    Background: Very recently, we have shown that a number of compounds isolated from plants and their parts having medicinal importance are capable of providing protection against copper-ascorbate induced oxidative stress mediated damages in isolated mitochondria in vitro. The results demonstrated that these compounds appear to be potentially effective in ameliorating mitochondrial dysfunction associated with oxidative stress. In the present study, we investigated, in individual experiments, the protective effects of the aqueous bark extract of Terminalia arjuna (TA) or benzoic acid, as its major constituent, against copper-ascorbate induced oxidative stress mediated damages to mitochondria obtained from human placenta, in vitro. Methods: In this study, the antioxidant property of TA was established by hydroxyl radical, superoxide radical and nitric oxide scavenging activities. The composition of the aqueous bark extract of TA was analyzed by GC-MS analysis. Human placental mitochondria were used as a model organelle to investigate whether the aqueous bark extract of TA or benzoic acid protects against copper-ascorbate-induced oxidative stress, in vitro, by spectro-photometrically measuring the levels of biomarkers of oxidative stress, the activities of antioxidant enzymes and the enzymes associated with energy metabolism, and evaluating the status of morphology of mitochondria through studies using scanning electron microscopy. Results: In separate experiments, aqueous bark extract of TA or benzoic acid were found to protect against copper-ascorbate-induced alterations in the level of biomarkers of oxidative stress in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the activities of antioxidant enzymes also were protected from being altered by aqueous bark extract of TA or benzoic acid. The alterations in conjugated diene level, tryptophan and di-tyrosine fluorescence, mitochondrial swelling, thiolase activity and NADH autofluroscence, mitochondrial membrane potential and morphology were found to be protected when the mitochondria were co-incubated with copper-ascorbate and the aqueous bark extract of TA or with copper-ascorbate and benzoic acid in a dose-dependent manner. Although the aqueous bark extract of TA or benzoic acid independently can protect the placental mitochondrial from copper-ascorbate-induced oxidative stress mediated damages but the degree of protection provided by benzoic acid was found to be more compared to the aqueous bark extract of TA. Conclusion: Based on these findings it can be concluded that the aqueous bark extract of TA containing benzoic acid as its major constituent may serve as a potential medicinal resource for future use in situations associated with oxidative stress.

    Cite this article as: Mousumi Dutta, Aindrila Chattopadhyay,Arnab Kumar Ghosh, Utpal Roy Chowdhury, Debajit Bhowmick, Biswajyoti Guha, Tridib Das, Benzoic acid, one of the major components of aqueous bark extract of Terminalia arjuna protects against Copper-Ascorbate induced oxidative stress in human placental mitochondria through antioxidant mechanism(s): an in vitro study,Debasish Bandyopadhyay1, #,*Journal of Pharmacy Research 2015,9(1),64-88.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Mousumi Dutta1,2, Aindrila Chattopadhyay2,Arnab Kumar Ghosh1, Utpal Roy Chowdhury3, Debajit Bhowmick4, Biswajyoti Guha5, Tridib Das4, Debasish Bandyopadhyay1, #,*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Oxidative Stress and Free Radical Biology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, University College of Science and Technology, 92, APC Road, Kolkata 700 009, India
    #Principal Investigator, Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area (CPEPA), University of Calcutta, University College of Science and Technology, 92, APC Road, Kolkata 700 009, India
    2Department of Physiology, Vidyasagar College, Kolkata 700 006, India
    3National Test House, Block - CP, Sector – V, Salt Lake City, Kolkata - 700 091, India
    4Acharya Prafulla Chandra Sikhsha Prangan, University of Calcutta, JD-2, Sector-III, Salt Lake City, Kolkata 700098, India
    5Vision Care Hospital, 230 Barkohala Lane, Mukundapur, Kalikapur, Kolkata-700099, India

     

    *Corresponding author.
    Dr. Debasish Bandyopadhyay
    Oxidative Stress and Free Radical Biology Laboratory,
    Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta
    University College of Science and Technology
    92 APC Road, Kolkata 700 009, India.
    E-mail: debasish63@gmail.com

    Received on:21-11-2014; Revised on: 17-12-2014; Accepted on:25-01-2014

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    Author:

    Mousumi Dutta1,2, Aindrila Chattopadhyay2,Arnab Kumar Ghosh1, Utpal Roy Chowdhury3, Debajit Bhowmick4, Biswajyoti Guha5, Tridib Das4, Debasish Bandyopadhyay1, #,*

    Title:Benzoic acid, one of the major components of aqueous bark extract of Terminalia arjuna protects against Copper-Ascorbate induced oxidative stress in human placental mitochondria through antioxidant m
    Journal:Journal of Pharmacy Research
    Vol(issue):9(1)
    Year:2015
    Page No: (64-88)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:antioxidant property,GC-MS analysis,
    Research Materials:Terminalia arjuna

Keywords

Antioxidant property Benzoic acid Human placenta Mitochondria Oxidative stress Terminalia arjuna.

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