Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-CR(D)-0000909
Title: Prescribing Patterns of antihypertensive drugs in a South Indian tertiary care hospital
Category: Case Reports (Drugs)
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    Introduction:.The choice of drug for the treatment of hypertension changes at short intervals. Drug utilization studies conducted at regular intervals help to guide the physician in prescribing drugs rationally. The present study was done to analyze the prescribing patterns of antihypertensive drugs in a South Indian tertiary care hospital. Methods: A retrospective, cross sectional analysis of prescriptions of antihypertensive cases admitted in Medicine in-patient wards of Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Attavar, Mangalore, India during the period of January 2010 to July 2010 was conducted. All the prescription files with diagnosis of essential hypertension (ICD-9CM: 401-405, WHO international code: A 26) were analyzed. Prescriptions for hypertension with other co-morbid conditions were also included. Frequency and proportions of utilization of antihypertensive medications were charted and figured. Results: During the study period, there were 200 prescriptions for essential hypertension. The most frequently prescribed antihypertensive medications were: Calcium channel blockers (49%) followed by diuretics (43.5%), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (29.5%) beta blockers (29%)and angiotensin receptor blockers (21%). 51% of patients were on multiple drug therapy, the most favored fixed drug combination being diuretics with angiotensin receptor blockers (25.4%). Among the hypertensive cases with co-existing diabetes mellitus type II, the most prescribed class of drugs was diuretics (43.8%) followed by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (40.4%). Conclusion:The present study represents the current prescribing trend for antihypertensive agents. It implies that calcium channel blockers are the leading group of antihypertensive agents followed by diuretics.

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    Author(s) Name:

    1Dr. Preethi G Pai*1,2Dr.Jnaneshwara Shenoy2, 3Dr. Narendranath Sanji 3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, Karnataka, India
    2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
    3Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India

    *Corresponding author.
    Dr. Preethi G Pai
    Department of Pharmacology
    Kasturba Medical College, P.B. No.53,
    Light House Hill Road, Hampanakatta,
    Mangalore-575001 Karnataka, India


    Received on: 15-01-2011; Revised on: 15-02- 2011; Accepted on:24-03-2011

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    Author:

    1Dr. Preethi G Pai*1,2Dr.Jnaneshwara Shenoy2, 3Dr. Narendranath Sanji 3

    Title:Prescribing Patterns of antihypertensive drugs in a South Indian tertiary care hospital
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):3(4)
    Year:2011
    Page No: (38-40)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:antihypertensive drugs, drug utilization
    Research Materials:Prescription patterns

Keywords

Prescription patterns antihypertensive drugs drug utilization

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