Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00002650
Title: A study of variations in the origin of facial artery
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Anatomical variations are among one of the important aspect seen during dissection of the cadaver. Such variations have been described elaborately in anatomical literature, and many such studies are still being reported for the first time. Among the anatomical variations vascular particularly arterial variations are encountered quite often during dissection. Facial artery is the important artery that gives major blood supply to the face. It is one of the anterior branch of external carotid artery (ECA). Origin of facial artery may be separate from ECA, or as linguofacial trunk, or thyrolinguofacial trunk. Materials and Methods: Facial arteries in 42 hemifaces in 21 cadavers were studied and analyzed in the Department of Anatomy at Madras Medical College, Chennai, and Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical Sciences, Melmaruvathur. During dissection, the origin of the facial artery is noted and photographed clearly for further analysis. Results: Separate origin of facial artery from ECA was found in 29 out of 42 (69%), common linguofacial trunk was observed in 13 out of 42 (31%), bilateral linguofacial trunk was observed in 5 out of 21 (24%), unilaterally in 3 out of 21 (14%), high origin of facial artery in 1 out of 42 (2%), and hypoplastic or rudimentary facial artery in 1 out of 42 (2%). All the structural variations were photographed for representation. Conclusion: Vascular variations are one of the most important studies on anatomical variations. Such studies and reports throw light on the vascular patterns found in different individuals for surgeons. Thereby, it creates a detailed knowledge about the vascular alterations and alarm about the situation during surgery. The knowledge of these variations is necessary for the surgeons operating on the face during conditions in raising vasculocutaneous flap.

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    Author(s) Name:

    M. Vijayalakshmi 1 *, Thenmozhi M S2 , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2 , C. Satheesh Kumar2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: M. Vijayalakshmi, Department of Anatomy, Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    M. Vijayalakshmi 1 *, Thenmozhi M S2 , Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj 2 , C. Satheesh Kumar2

    Title:A study of variations in the origin of facial artery
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):10 (December)
    Year:2018
    Page No: (2400-2403)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A study of variations
    Research Materials:Facial artery

Keywords

Anatomical variations External carotid artery Facial artery Vascular surgeon Vasculocutaneous flaps

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