Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003120
Title: Prevalence of crossbite in primary dentition
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Malocclusion, dental injuries, and dental anomalies in the primary dentition are conditions to take into account when considering the need for oral health care in young children. Occlusion means intercuspation of the upper and lower teeth when the jaws are not moving. Proper occlusion of teeth plays an important role in mastication, deglutition, speech, and respiration. Materials and Methods: This study includes a total population of 1481 children at age 3–6 years from 6 private schools and 5 government schools of Chennai. Examination of occlusion, molar relationship is done and data are recorded. The collected data are evaluated and analyzed. Results: A total of 1481 children from 6 private schools and 5 government schools from Chennai participated in this study. Among this population, 890 are males and 591 are females. Among total population, 67.5% were reported with malocclusion. Among the malocclusions, the following transverse problems were diagnosed: Unilateral posterior crossbite (20%), anterior open bite associated with posterior crossbite (7.79%), bilateral posterior crossbite (6.79%), unilateral posterior crossbite associated with anterior crossbite (7.09%), and full crossbite (5.99%). The mandibular functional deviation was observed in 59% of children with unilateral posterior crossbite. Conclusion: Dentofacial disorders that can cause esthetic and functional problems for the child and affect dentofacial growth and development can be detected during routine dental visits. Parents should be instructed to help their children to prevent the potential development of transverse malocclusions.

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    Author(s) Name:

    D. Shruthi*, Ganesh J

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: D. Shruthi, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    D. Shruthi*, Ganesh J

    Title:Prevalence of crossbite in primary dentition
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (January)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (215-218)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Eruption, Growth spurts, Habits, Malocclusion, Skeletal
    Research Materials:1481 children at age 3–6 years from 6 private schools and 5 government schools of Chennai

Keywords

Eruption Growth spurts Habits Malocclusion Skeletal

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