Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003177
Title: Prevalence of midline diastema in school children in Chennai - A cross-sectional study
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Objective: Midline diastema most commonly occurs in children during mixed dentition. Midline diastema always creates an unpleasant appearance and interferes with speech depending on its width. If it continues even after the ugly duckling stage, then the effective treatment is required to correct the diastema. The study is carried out to assess the prevalence of midline diastema in school children of age group from 15 to 19 years old in Chennai city. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in 400 school children of 15–18 years in various schools of Chennai 15–18 years old, after providing prior information. Measurements were recorded by measuring the gap between two central incisors for maxilla and mandible. Results: Of the 400 school children who were screened, only 39 of them presented with midline diastema. Hence, the incidence of maxillary midline diastema in this population is 9%. The prevalence type had no gender difference. Conclusion: The present study showed that midline diastema is a rare dental anomaly in Chennai population which shows increased awareness of the dental anomaly and early treatments obtained for it.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Jyotsna Sanjeevi 1 , A. V. Arun2 , M. H. Rathna Subhashini 3 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Undergraduate Student, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2  Department of Orthodontics, Saveetha Medical College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: M. H. Rathna Subhashini, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, 162 Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India

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    Author:

    Jyotsna Sanjeevi 1 , A. V. Arun2 , M. H. Rathna Subhashini 3 *

    Title:Prevalence of midline diastema in school children in Chennai - A cross-sectional study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (February)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (269-272)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: A cross-sectional study
    Research Materials: school children in Chennai

Keywords

Frenal attachment Maxillary midline Midline diastema Mixed dentition Ugly duckling stage

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