Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003191
Title: Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in type 2 diabetic patients in Chennai, India
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: The present study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among type 2 diabetic patients in Chennai, India. Methods: The study group comprised of 100 type 2 diabetic patients (n = 100), aged between 21 and 80 years attending the outpatient department of Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, during a 6-month period. This was a cross- sectional observational study that comprised of a thorough clinical evaluation and diagnostic tests followed by recording of the oral mucosal lesions that were commonly observed in the above population. Results: Of the 100 patients, 56 (56%) were females and 34 (34%) were males. All the patients were among 21–80 years of age. 86 (86%) type 2 diabetic patients were found with associated oral mucosal lesions. The most common oral lesions being denture stomatitis (34%), angular cheilitis (21%), and gingival hyperplasia (20%) followed by other oral mucosal lesions. Conclusion: The above study concludes that patients with type 2 diabetes present with higher prevalence of oral lesions when compared with non-diabetics which implies the need for the dental surgeon to have a knowledge of the common oral mucosal lesions that may help to diagnose diabetes mellitus in patients who are unaware of their diabetic status and provide early treatment.

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    Author(s) Name:

    V. Aarthi Nisha1,2 *, A. Julius3 , Mohan Valiathan4 , Balaji Narasimhan5 , Vidya Jayaram2 , M. Geethalakshmi 6

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Biochemistry, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    4 Department of Periodontics, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Tagore Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    6 Department of Orthodontics, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. V. Aarthi Nisha, Phd Research Scholar, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    V. Aarthi Nisha1,2 *, A. Julius3 , Mohan Valiathan4 , Balaji Narasimhan5 , Vidya Jayaram2 , M. Geethalakshmi 6

    Title:Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in type 2 diabetic patients in Chennai, India
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (February)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (344-347)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Angular cheilitis, Denture stomatitis, Early diagnosis, Gingival hyperplasia, Oral mucosal lesions, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Research Materials:Patients ( type 2 diabetic ) in Chennai, India

Keywords

Angular cheilitis Denture stomatitis Early diagnosis Gingival hyperplasia Oral mucosal lesions Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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